linux-2.6-microblaze.git
9 months agomtd/drivers/nand: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:58:11 +0000 (19:58 -0700)]
mtd/drivers/nand: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-10-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Acked-by: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoi2c/drivers/ov02q10: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:58:08 +0000 (19:58 -0700)]
i2c/drivers/ov02q10: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-9-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoiio/drivers/hid-sensor: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:58:05 +0000 (19:58 -0700)]
iio/drivers/hid-sensor: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-8-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agohwmon/drivers/mr75203: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:58:01 +0000 (19:58 -0700)]
hwmon/drivers/mr75203: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

The new macro is an unsigned long.  The code dealing with it is
considering as an unsigned long also.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-7-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoiio/drivers/as73211: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:58 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
iio/drivers/as73211: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-6-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agodevfreq: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:54 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
devfreq: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

The new macro has an unsigned long type.

All the code is dealing with unsigned long and the code using the macro is
doing a coercitive cast to unsigned long.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-5-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agothermal/drivers/devfreq_cooling: use HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:51 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
thermal/drivers/devfreq_cooling: use HZ macros

HZ unit conversion macros are available in units.h, use them and remove
the duplicate definition.

The new macro uses a unsigned long type which is already the type in the
current code via the 'freq' variable.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-4-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agounits: add the HZ macros
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:48 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
units: add the HZ macros

The macros for the unit conversion for frequency are duplicated in
different places.

Provide these macros in the 'units' header, so they can be reused.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-3-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Reviewed-by: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Reviewed-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agounits: change from 'L' to 'UL'
Daniel Lezcano [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:44 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
units: change from 'L' to 'UL'

Patch series "Add Hz macros", v3.

There are multiple definitions of the HZ_PER_MHZ or HZ_PER_KHZ in the
different drivers.  Instead of duplicating this definition again and
again, add one in the units.h header to be reused in all the place the
redefiniton occurs.

At the same time, change the type of the Watts, as they can not be
negative.

This patch (of 10):

The users of the macros are safe to be assigned with an unsigned instead
of signed as the variables using them are themselves unsigned.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-1-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816114732.1834145-2-daniel.lezcano@linaro.org
Signed-off-by: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Cc: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org>
Cc: Christian Eggers <ceggers@arri.de>
Cc: Lukasz Luba <lukasz.luba@arm.com>
Cc: MyungJoo Ham <myungjoo.ham@samsung.com>
Cc: Kyungmin Park <kyungmin.park@samsung.com>
Cc: Lars-Peter Clausen <lars@metafoo.de>
Cc: Peter Meerwald <pmeerw@pmeerw.net>
Cc: Zhang Rui <rui.zhang@intel.com>
Cc: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Miquel Raynal <miquel.raynal@bootlin.com>
Cc: Maxime Coquelin <mcoquelin.stm32@gmail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Cc: Daniel Lezcano <daniel.lezcano@linaro.org>
Cc: Chanwoo Choi <cw00.choi@samsung.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoinclude/linux/once.h: fix trivia typo Not -> Note
Andy Shevchenko [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:41 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
include/linux/once.h: fix trivia typo Not -> Note

Fix trivia typo Not -> Note in the comment to DO_ONCE().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210722184349.76290-1-andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoarch: Kconfig: fix spelling mistake "seperate" -> "separate"
Colin Ian King [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:38 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
arch: Kconfig: fix spelling mistake "seperate" -> "separate"

Threre is a spelling mistake in the Kconfig text. Fix it.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210704095207.37342-1-colin.king@canonical.com
Signed-off-by: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoconnector: send event on write to /proc/[pid]/comm
Ohhoon Kwon [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:35 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
connector: send event on write to /proc/[pid]/comm

While comm change event via prctl has been reported to proc connector by
'commit f786ecba4158 ("connector: add comm change event report to proc
connector")', connector listeners were missing comm changes by explicit
writes on /proc/[pid]/comm.

Let explicit writes on /proc/[pid]/comm report to proc connector.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210701133458epcms1p68e9eb9bd0eee8903ba26679a37d9d960@epcms1p6
Signed-off-by: Ohhoon Kwon <ohoono.kwon@samsung.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@kernel.org>
Cc: David S. Miller <davem@davemloft.net>
Cc: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: Eric W. Biederman <ebiederm@xmission.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoproc: stop using seq_get_buf in proc_task_name
Christoph Hellwig [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:33 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
proc: stop using seq_get_buf in proc_task_name

Use seq_escape_str and seq_printf instead of poking holes into the
seq_file abstraction.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210810151945.1795567-1-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: Alexey Dobriyan <adobriyan@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agopercpu: remove export of pcpu_base_addr
Greg Kroah-Hartman [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:27 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
percpu: remove export of pcpu_base_addr

This is not needed by any modules, so remove the export.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210722185814.504541-1-gregkh@linuxfoundation.org
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Dennis Zhou <dennis@kernel.org>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Christoph Lameter <cl@linux.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoalpha: pci-sysfs: fix all kernel-doc warnings
Randy Dunlap [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:24 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
alpha: pci-sysfs: fix all kernel-doc warnings

Fix all kernel-doc warnings in arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:

  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:67: warning: No description found for return value of 'pci_mmap_resource'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:115: warning: Function parameter or member 'pdev' not described in 'pci_remove_resource_files'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:115: warning: Excess function parameter 'dev' description in 'pci_remove_resource_files'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:230: warning: Function parameter or member 'pdev' not described in 'pci_create_resource_files'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:230: warning: Excess function parameter 'dev' description in 'pci_create_resource_files'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:232: warning: No description found for return value of 'pci_create_resource_files'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:305: warning: Function parameter or member 'bus' not described in 'pci_adjust_legacy_attr'
  arch/alpha/kernel/pci-sysfs.c:305: warning: Excess function parameter 'b' description in 'pci_adjust_legacy_attr'

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210808185249.31442-1-rdunlap@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoalpha: agp: make empty macros use do-while-0 style
Randy Dunlap [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:21 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
alpha: agp: make empty macros use do-while-0 style

Copy these macros from ia64/include/asm/agp.h to avoid the
"empty-body" in 'if' statment warning.

drivers/char/agp/generic.c: In function 'agp_generic_destroy_page':
../drivers/char/agp/generic.c:1265:42: warning: suggest braces around empty body in an 'if' statement [-Wempty-body]
 1265 |                 unmap_page_from_agp(page);

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809030822.20658-1-rdunlap@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Richard Henderson <rth@twiddle.net>
Cc: Ivan Kokshaysky <ink@jurassic.park.msu.ru>
Cc: Matt Turner <mattst88@gmail.com>
Cc: David Airlie <airlied@linux.ie>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoMAINTAINERS: update for DAMON
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:17 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
MAINTAINERS: update for DAMON

This commit updates MAINTAINERS file for DAMON related files.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-14-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon: add user space selftests
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:13 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
mm/damon: add user space selftests

This commit adds a simple user space tests for DAMON.  The tests are using
kselftest framework.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-13-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon: add kunit tests
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:09 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
mm/damon: add kunit tests

This commit adds kunit based unit tests for the core and the virtual
address spaces monitoring primitives of DAMON.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-12-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoDocumentation: add documents for DAMON
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:05 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
Documentation: add documents for DAMON

This commit adds documents for DAMON under
`Documentation/admin-guide/mm/damon/` and `Documentation/vm/damon/`.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-11-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Reviewed-by: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon/dbgfs: support multiple contexts
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:57:01 +0000 (19:57 -0700)]
mm/damon/dbgfs: support multiple contexts

In some use cases, users would want to run multiple monitoring context.
For example, if a user wants a high precision monitoring and dedicating
multiple CPUs for the job is ok, because DAMON creates one monitoring
thread per one context, the user can split the monitoring target regions
into multiple small regions and create one context for each region.  Or,
someone might want to simultaneously monitor different address spaces,
e.g., both virtual address space and physical address space.

The DAMON's API allows such usage, but 'damon-dbgfs' does not.  Therefore,
only kernel space DAMON users can do multiple contexts monitoring.

This commit allows the user space DAMON users to use multiple contexts
monitoring by introducing two new 'damon-dbgfs' debugfs files,
'mk_context' and 'rm_context'.  Users can create a new monitoring context
by writing the desired name of the new context to 'mk_context'.  Then, a
new directory with the name and having the files for setting of the
context ('attrs', 'target_ids' and 'record') will be created under the
debugfs directory.  Writing the name of the context to remove to
'rm_context' will remove the related context and directory.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-10-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon/dbgfs: export kdamond pid to the user space
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:57 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/damon/dbgfs: export kdamond pid to the user space

For CPU usage accounting, knowing pid of the monitoring thread could be
helpful.  For example, users could use cpuaccount cgroups with the pid.

This commit therefore exports the pid of currently running monitoring
thread to the user space via 'kdamond_pid' file in the debugfs directory.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-9-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon: implement a debugfs-based user space interface
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:53 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/damon: implement a debugfs-based user space interface

DAMON is designed to be used by kernel space code such as the memory
management subsystems, and therefore it provides only kernel space API.
That said, letting the user space control DAMON could provide some
benefits to them.  For example, it will allow user space to analyze their
specific workloads and make their own special optimizations.

For such cases, this commit implements a simple DAMON application kernel
module, namely 'damon-dbgfs', which merely wraps the DAMON api and exports
those to the user space via the debugfs.

'damon-dbgfs' exports three files, ``attrs``, ``target_ids``, and
``monitor_on`` under its debugfs directory, ``<debugfs>/damon/``.

Attributes
----------

Users can read and write the ``sampling interval``, ``aggregation
interval``, ``regions update interval``, and min/max number of monitoring
target regions by reading from and writing to the ``attrs`` file.  For
example, below commands set those values to 5 ms, 100 ms, 1,000 ms, 10,
1000 and check it again::

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo 5000 100000 1000000 10 1000 > attrs
    # cat attrs
    5000 100000 1000000 10 1000

Target IDs
----------

Some types of address spaces supports multiple monitoring target.  For
example, the virtual memory address spaces monitoring can have multiple
processes as the monitoring targets.  Users can set the targets by writing
relevant id values of the targets to, and get the ids of the current
targets by reading from the ``target_ids`` file.  In case of the virtual
address spaces monitoring, the values should be pids of the monitoring
target processes.  For example, below commands set processes having pids
42 and 4242 as the monitoring targets and check it again::

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo 42 4242 > target_ids
    # cat target_ids
    42 4242

Note that setting the target ids doesn't start the monitoring.

Turning On/Off
--------------

Setting the files as described above doesn't incur effect unless you
explicitly start the monitoring.  You can start, stop, and check the
current status of the monitoring by writing to and reading from the
``monitor_on`` file.  Writing ``on`` to the file starts the monitoring of
the targets with the attributes.  Writing ``off`` to the file stops those.
DAMON also stops if every targets are invalidated (in case of the virtual
memory monitoring, target processes are invalidated when terminated).
Below example commands turn on, off, and check the status of DAMON::

    # cd <debugfs>/damon
    # echo on > monitor_on
    # echo off > monitor_on
    # cat monitor_on
    off

Please note that you cannot write to the above-mentioned debugfs files
while the monitoring is turned on.  If you write to the files while DAMON
is running, an error code such as ``-EBUSY`` will be returned.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: remove unneeded "alloc failed" printks]
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: replace macro with static inline]

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-8-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon: add a tracepoint
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:48 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/damon: add a tracepoint

This commit adds a tracepoint for DAMON.  It traces the monitoring results
of each region for each aggregation interval.  Using this, DAMON can
easily integrated with tracepoints supporting tools such as perf.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-7-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Acked-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon: implement primitives for the virtual memory address spaces
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:44 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/damon: implement primitives for the virtual memory address spaces

This commit introduces a reference implementation of the address space
specific low level primitives for the virtual address space, so that users
of DAMON can easily monitor the data accesses on virtual address spaces of
specific processes by simply configuring the implementation to be used by
DAMON.

The low level primitives for the fundamental access monitoring are defined
in two parts:

1. Identification of the monitoring target address range for the address
   space.
2. Access check of specific address range in the target space.

The reference implementation for the virtual address space does the works
as below.

PTE Accessed-bit Based Access Check
-----------------------------------

The implementation uses PTE Accessed-bit for basic access checks.  That
is, it clears the bit for the next sampling target page and checks whether
it is set again after one sampling period.  This could disturb the reclaim
logic.  DAMON uses ``PG_idle`` and ``PG_young`` page flags to solve the
conflict, as Idle page tracking does.

VMA-based Target Address Range Construction
-------------------------------------------

Only small parts in the super-huge virtual address space of the processes
are mapped to physical memory and accessed.  Thus, tracking the unmapped
address regions is just wasteful.  However, because DAMON can deal with
some level of noise using the adaptive regions adjustment mechanism,
tracking every mapping is not strictly required but could even incur a
high overhead in some cases.  That said, too huge unmapped areas inside
the monitoring target should be removed to not take the time for the
adaptive mechanism.

For the reason, this implementation converts the complex mappings to three
distinct regions that cover every mapped area of the address space.  Also,
the two gaps between the three regions are the two biggest unmapped areas
in the given address space.  The two biggest unmapped areas would be the
gap between the heap and the uppermost mmap()-ed region, and the gap
between the lowermost mmap()-ed region and the stack in most of the cases.
Because these gaps are exceptionally huge in usual address spaces,
excluding these will be sufficient to make a reasonable trade-off.  Below
shows this in detail::

    <heap>
    <BIG UNMAPPED REGION 1>
    <uppermost mmap()-ed region>
    (small mmap()-ed regions and munmap()-ed regions)
    <lowermost mmap()-ed region>
    <BIG UNMAPPED REGION 2>
    <stack>

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: mm/damon/vaddr.c needs highmem.h for kunmap_atomic()]
[sjpark@amazon.de: remove unnecessary PAGE_EXTENSION setup]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806095153.6444-2-sj38.park@gmail.com
[sjpark@amazon.de: safely walk page table]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210831161800.29419-1-sj38.park@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-6-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Acked-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/idle_page_tracking: make PG_idle reusable
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:40 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/idle_page_tracking: make PG_idle reusable

PG_idle and PG_young allow the two PTE Accessed bit users, Idle Page
Tracking and the reclaim logic concurrently work while not interfering
with each other.  That is, when they need to clear the Accessed bit, they
set PG_young to represent the previous state of the bit, respectively.
And when they need to read the bit, if the bit is cleared, they further
read the PG_young to know whether the other has cleared the bit meanwhile
or not.

For yet another user of the PTE Accessed bit, we could add another page
flag, or extend the mechanism to use the flags.  For the DAMON usecase,
however, we don't need to do that just yet.  IDLE_PAGE_TRACKING and DAMON
are mutually exclusive, so there's only ever going to be one user of the
current set of flags.

In this commit, we split out the CONFIG options to allow for the use of
PG_young and PG_idle outside of idle page tracking.

In the next commit, DAMON's reference implementation of the virtual memory
address space monitoring primitives will use it.

[sjpark@amazon.de: set PAGE_EXTENSION for non-64BIT]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806095153.6444-1-sj38.park@gmail.com
[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak Kconfig text]
[sjpark@amazon.de: hide PAGE_IDLE_FLAG from users]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210813081238.34705-1-sj38.park@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-5-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon: adaptively adjust regions
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:36 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/damon: adaptively adjust regions

Even somehow the initial monitoring target regions are well constructed to
fulfill the assumption (pages in same region have similar access
frequencies), the data access pattern can be dynamically changed.  This
will result in low monitoring quality.  To keep the assumption as much as
possible, DAMON adaptively merges and splits each region based on their
access frequency.

For each ``aggregation interval``, it compares the access frequencies of
adjacent regions and merges those if the frequency difference is small.
Then, after it reports and clears the aggregated access frequency of each
region, it splits each region into two or three regions if the total
number of regions will not exceed the user-specified maximum number of
regions after the split.

In this way, DAMON provides its best-effort quality and minimal overhead
while keeping the upper-bound overhead that users set.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-4-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Acked-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/damon/core: implement region-based sampling
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:32 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/damon/core: implement region-based sampling

To avoid the unbounded increase of the overhead, DAMON groups adjacent
pages that are assumed to have the same access frequencies into a
region.  As long as the assumption (pages in a region have the same
access frequencies) is kept, only one page in the region is required to
be checked.  Thus, for each ``sampling interval``,

 1. the 'prepare_access_checks' primitive picks one page in each region,
 2. waits for one ``sampling interval``,
 3. checks whether the page is accessed meanwhile, and
 4. increases the access count of the region if so.

Therefore, the monitoring overhead is controllable by adjusting the
number of regions.  DAMON allows both the underlying primitives and user
callbacks to adjust regions for the trade-off.  In other words, this
commit makes DAMON to use not only time-based sampling but also
space-based sampling.

This scheme, however, cannot preserve the quality of the output if the
assumption is not guaranteed.  Next commit will address this problem.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-3-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Acked-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: introduce Data Access MONitor (DAMON)
SeongJae Park [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:28 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm: introduce Data Access MONitor (DAMON)

Patch series "Introduce Data Access MONitor (DAMON)", v34.

Introduction
============

DAMON is a data access monitoring framework for the Linux kernel.  The
core mechanisms of DAMON called 'region based sampling' and 'adaptive
regions adjustment' (refer to 'mechanisms.rst' in the 11th patch of this
patchset for the detail) make it

- accurate (The monitored information is useful for DRAM level memory
  management.  It might not appropriate for Cache-level accuracy,
  though.),

- light-weight (The monitoring overhead is low enough to be applied
  online while making no impact on the performance of the target
  workloads.), and

- scalable (the upper-bound of the instrumentation overhead is
  controllable regardless of the size of target workloads.).

Using this framework, therefore, several memory management mechanisms such
as reclamation and THP can be optimized to aware real data access
patterns.  Experimental access pattern aware memory management
optimization works that incurring high instrumentation overhead will be
able to have another try.

Though DAMON is for kernel subsystems, it can be easily exposed to the
user space by writing a DAMON-wrapper kernel subsystem.  Then, user space
users who have some special workloads will be able to write personalized
tools or applications for deeper understanding and specialized
optimizations of their systems.

DAMON is also merged in two public Amazon Linux kernel trees that based on
v5.4.y[1] and v5.10.y[2].

[1] https://github.com/amazonlinux/linux/tree/amazon-5.4.y/master/mm/damon
[2] https://github.com/amazonlinux/linux/tree/amazon-5.10.y/master/mm/damon

The userspace tool[1] is available, released under GPLv2, and actively
being maintained.  I am also planning to implement another basic user
interface in perf[2].  Also, the basic test suite for DAMON is available
under GPLv2[3].

[1] https://github.com/awslabs/damo
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20210107120729.22328-1-sjpark@amazon.com/
[3] https://github.com/awslabs/damon-tests

Long-term Plan
--------------

DAMON is a part of a project called Data Access-aware Operating System
(DAOS).  As the name implies, I want to improve the performance and
efficiency of systems using fine-grained data access patterns.  The
optimizations are for both kernel and user spaces.  I will therefore
modify or create kernel subsystems, export some of those to user space and
implement user space library / tools.  Below shows the layers and
components for the project.

    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
    Primitives:     PTE Accessed bit, PG_idle, rmap, (Intel CMT), ...
    Framework:      DAMON
    Features:       DAMOS, virtual addr, physical addr, ...
    Applications:   DAMON-debugfs, (DARC), ...
    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^    KERNEL SPACE    ^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^

    Raw Interface:  debugfs, (sysfs), (damonfs), tracepoints, (sys_damon), ...

    vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv    USER SPACE      vvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvvv
    Library:        (libdamon), ...
    Tools:          DAMO, (perf), ...
    ---------------------------------------------------------------------------

The components in parentheses or marked as '...' are not implemented yet
but in the future plan.  IOW, those are the TODO tasks of DAOS project.
For more detail, please refer to the plans:
https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20201202082731.24828-1-sjpark@amazon.com/

Evaluations
===========

We evaluated DAMON's overhead, monitoring quality and usefulness using 24
realistic workloads on my QEMU/KVM based virtual machine running a kernel
that v24 DAMON patchset is applied.

DAMON is lightweight.  It increases system memory usage by 0.39% and slows
target workloads down by 1.16%.

DAMON is accurate and useful for memory management optimizations.  An
experimental DAMON-based operation scheme for THP, namely 'ethp', removes
76.15% of THP memory overheads while preserving 51.25% of THP speedup.
Another experimental DAMON-based 'proactive reclamation' implementation,
'prcl', reduces 93.38% of residential sets and 23.63% of system memory
footprint while incurring only 1.22% runtime overhead in the best case
(parsec3/freqmine).

NOTE that the experimental THP optimization and proactive reclamation are
not for production but only for proof of concepts.

Please refer to the official document[1] or "Documentation/admin-guide/mm:
Add a document for DAMON" patch in this patchset for detailed evaluation
setup and results.

[1] https://damonitor.github.io/doc/html/latest-damon/admin-guide/mm/damon/eval.html

Real-world User Story
=====================

In summary, DAMON has used on production systems and proved its usefulness.

DAMON as a profiler
-------------------

We analyzed characteristics of a large scale production systems of our
customers using DAMON.  The systems utilize 70GB DRAM and 36 CPUs.  From
this, we were able to find interesting things below.

There were obviously different access pattern under idle workload and
active workload.  Under the idle workload, it accessed large memory
regions with low frequency, while the active workload accessed small
memory regions with high freuqnecy.

DAMON found a 7GB memory region that showing obviously high access
frequency under the active workload.  We believe this is the
performance-effective working set and need to be protected.

There was a 4KB memory region that showing highest access frequency under
not only active but also idle workloads.  We think this must be a hottest
code section like thing that should never be paged out.

For this analysis, DAMON used only 0.3-1% of single CPU time.  Because we
used recording-based analysis, it consumed about 3-12 MB of disk space per
20 minutes.  This is only small amount of disk space, but we can further
reduce the disk usage by using non-recording-based DAMON features.  I'd
like to argue that only DAMON can do such detailed analysis (finding 4KB
highest region in 70GB memory) with the light overhead.

DAMON as a system optimization tool
-----------------------------------

We also found below potential performance problems on the systems and made
DAMON-based solutions.

The system doesn't want to make the workload suffer from the page
reclamation and thus it utilizes enough DRAM but no swap device.  However,
we found the system is actively reclaiming file-backed pages, because the
system has intensive file IO.  The file IO turned out to be not
performance critical for the workload, but the customer wanted to ensure
performance critical file-backed pages like code section to not mistakenly
be evicted.

Using direct IO should or `mlock()` would be a straightforward solution,
but modifying the user space code is not easy for the customer.
Alternatively, we could use DAMON-based operation scheme[1].  By using it,
we can ask DAMON to track access frequency of each region and make
'process_madvise(MADV_WILLNEED)[2]' call for regions having specific size
and access frequency for a time interval.

We also found the system is having high number of TLB misses.  We tried
'always' THP enabled policy and it greatly reduced TLB misses, but the
page reclamation also been more frequent due to the THP internal
fragmentation caused memory bloat.  We could try another DAMON-based
operation scheme that applies 'MADV_HUGEPAGE' to memory regions having
>=2MB size and high access frequency, while applying 'MADV_NOHUGEPAGE' to
regions having <2MB size and low access frequency.

We do not own the systems so we only reported the analysis results and
possible optimization solutions to the customers.  The customers satisfied
about the analysis results and promised to try the optimization guides.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20201006123931.5847-1-sjpark@amazon.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20200622192900.22757-4-minchan@kernel.org/

Comparison with Idle Page Tracking
==================================

Idle Page Tracking allows users to set and read idleness of pages using a
bitmap file which represents each page with each bit of the file.  One
recommended usage of it is working set size detection.  Users can do that
by

    1. find PFN of each page for workloads in interest,
    2. set all the pages as idle by doing writes to the bitmap file,
    3. wait until the workload accesses its working set, and
    4. read the idleness of the pages again and count pages became not idle.

NOTE: While Idle Page Tracking is for user space users, DAMON is primarily
designed for kernel subsystems though it can easily exposed to the user
space.  Hence, this section only assumes such user space use of DAMON.

For what use cases Idle Page Tracking would be better?
------------------------------------------------------

1. Flexible usecases other than hotness monitoring.

Because Idle Page Tracking allows users to control the primitive (Page
idleness) by themselves, Idle Page Tracking users can do anything they
want.  Meanwhile, DAMON is primarily designed to monitor the hotness of
each memory region.  For this, DAMON asks users to provide sampling
interval and aggregation interval.  For the reason, there could be some
use case that using Idle Page Tracking is simpler.

2. Physical memory monitoring.

Idle Page Tracking receives PFN range as input, so natively supports
physical memory monitoring.

DAMON is designed to be extensible for multiple address spaces and use
cases by implementing and using primitives for the given use case.
Therefore, by theory, DAMON has no limitation in the type of target
address space as long as primitives for the given address space exists.
However, the default primitives introduced by this patchset supports only
virtual address spaces.

Therefore, for physical memory monitoring, you should implement your own
primitives and use it, or simply use Idle Page Tracking.

Nonetheless, RFC patchsets[1] for the physical memory address space
primitives is already available.  It also supports user memory same to
Idle Page Tracking.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/20200831104730.28970-1-sjpark@amazon.com/

For what use cases DAMON is better?
-----------------------------------

1. Hotness Monitoring.

Idle Page Tracking let users know only if a page frame is accessed or not.
For hotness check, the user should write more code and use more memory.
DAMON do that by itself.

2. Low Monitoring Overhead

DAMON receives user's monitoring request with one step and then provide
the results.  So, roughly speaking, DAMON require only O(1) user/kernel
context switches.

In case of Idle Page Tracking, however, because the interface receives
contiguous page frames, the number of user/kernel context switches
increases as the monitoring target becomes complex and huge.  As a result,
the context switch overhead could be not negligible.

Moreover, DAMON is born to handle with the monitoring overhead.  Because
the core mechanism is pure logical, Idle Page Tracking users might be able
to implement the mechanism on their own, but it would be time consuming
and the user/kernel context switching will still more frequent than that
of DAMON.  Also, the kernel subsystems cannot use the logic in this case.

3. Page granularity working set size detection.

Until v22 of this patchset, this was categorized as the thing Idle Page
Tracking could do better, because DAMON basically maintains additional
metadata for each of the monitoring target regions.  So, in the page
granularity working set size detection use case, DAMON would incur (number
of monitoring target pages * size of metadata) memory overhead.  Size of
the single metadata item is about 54 bytes, so assuming 4KB pages, about
1.3% of monitoring target pages will be additionally used.

All essential metadata for Idle Page Tracking are embedded in 'struct
page' and page table entries.  Therefore, in this use case, only one
counter variable for working set size accounting is required if Idle Page
Tracking is used.

There are more details to consider, but roughly speaking, this is true in
most cases.

However, the situation changed from v23.  Now DAMON supports arbitrary
types of monitoring targets, which don't use the metadata.  Using that,
DAMON can do the working set size detection with no additional space
overhead but less user-kernel context switch.  A first draft for the
implementation of monitoring primitives for this usage is available in a
DAMON development tree[1].  An RFC patchset for it based on this patchset
will also be available soon.

Since v24, the arbitrary type support is dropped from this patchset
because this patchset doesn't introduce real use of the type.  You can
still get it from the DAMON development tree[2], though.

[1] https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/damon/pgidle_hack
[2] https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/damon/master

4. More future usecases

While Idle Page Tracking has tight coupling with base primitives (PG_Idle
and page table Accessed bits), DAMON is designed to be extensible for many
use cases and address spaces.  If you need some special address type or
want to use special h/w access check primitives, you can write your own
primitives for that and configure DAMON to use those.  Therefore, if your
use case could be changed a lot in future, using DAMON could be better.

Can I use both Idle Page Tracking and DAMON?
--------------------------------------------

Yes, though using them concurrently for overlapping memory regions could
result in interference to each other.  Nevertheless, such use case would
be rare or makes no sense at all.  Even in the case, the noise would bot
be really significant.  So, you can choose whatever you want depending on
the characteristics of your use cases.

More Information
================

We prepared a showcase web site[1] that you can get more information.
There are

- the official documentations[2],
- the heatmap format dynamic access pattern of various realistic workloads for
  heap area[3], mmap()-ed area[4], and stack[5] area,
- the dynamic working set size distribution[6] and chronological working set
  size changes[7], and
- the latest performance test results[8].

[1] https://damonitor.github.io/_index
[2] https://damonitor.github.io/doc/html/latest-damon
[3] https://damonitor.github.io/test/result/visual/latest/rec.heatmap.0.png.html
[4] https://damonitor.github.io/test/result/visual/latest/rec.heatmap.1.png.html
[5] https://damonitor.github.io/test/result/visual/latest/rec.heatmap.2.png.html
[6] https://damonitor.github.io/test/result/visual/latest/rec.wss_sz.png.html
[7] https://damonitor.github.io/test/result/visual/latest/rec.wss_time.png.html
[8] https://damonitor.github.io/test/result/perf/latest/html/index.html

Baseline and Complete Git Trees
===============================

The patches are based on the latest -mm tree, specifically
v5.14-rc1-mmots-2021-07-15-18-47 of https://github.com/hnaz/linux-mm.  You can
also clone the complete git tree:

    $ git clone git://github.com/sjp38/linux -b damon/patches/v34

The web is also available:
https://github.com/sjp38/linux/releases/tag/damon/patches/v34

Development Trees
-----------------

There are a couple of trees for entire DAMON patchset series and features
for future release.

- For latest release: https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/damon/master
- For next release: https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/damon/next

Long-term Support Trees
-----------------------

For people who want to test DAMON but using LTS kernels, there are another
couple of trees based on two latest LTS kernels respectively and
containing the 'damon/master' backports.

- For v5.4.y: https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/damon/for-v5.4.y
- For v5.10.y: https://github.com/sjp38/linux/tree/damon/for-v5.10.y

Amazon Linux Kernel Trees
-------------------------

DAMON is also merged in two public Amazon Linux kernel trees that based on
v5.4.y[1] and v5.10.y[2].

[1] https://github.com/amazonlinux/linux/tree/amazon-5.4.y/master/mm/damon
[2] https://github.com/amazonlinux/linux/tree/amazon-5.10.y/master/mm/damon

Git Tree for Diff of Patches
============================

For easy review of diff between different versions of each patch, I
prepared a git tree containing all versions of the DAMON patchset series:
https://github.com/sjp38/damon-patches

You can clone it and use 'diff' for easy review of changes between
different versions of the patchset.  For example:

    $ git clone https://github.com/sjp38/damon-patches && cd damon-patches
    $ diff -u damon/v33 damon/v34

Sequence Of Patches
===================

First three patches implement the core logics of DAMON.  The 1st patch
introduces basic sampling based hotness monitoring for arbitrary types of
targets.  Following two patches implement the core mechanisms for control
of overhead and accuracy, namely regions based sampling (patch 2) and
adaptive regions adjustment (patch 3).

Now the essential parts of DAMON is complete, but it cannot work unless
someone provides monitoring primitives for a specific use case.  The
following two patches make it just work for virtual address spaces
monitoring.  The 4th patch makes 'PG_idle' can be used by DAMON and the
5th patch implements the virtual memory address space specific monitoring
primitives using page table Accessed bits and the 'PG_idle' page flag.

Now DAMON just works for virtual address space monitoring via the kernel
space api.  To let the user space users can use DAMON, following four
patches add interfaces for them.  The 6th patch adds a tracepoint for
monitoring results.  The 7th patch implements a DAMON application kernel
module, namely damon-dbgfs, that simply wraps DAMON and exposes DAMON
interface to the user space via the debugfs interface.  The 8th patch
further exports pid of monitoring thread (kdamond) to user space for
easier cpu usage accounting, and the 9th patch makes the debugfs interface
to support multiple contexts.

Three patches for maintainability follows.  The 10th patch adds
documentations for both the user space and the kernel space.  The 11th
patch provides unit tests (based on the kunit) while the 12th patch adds
user space tests (based on the kselftest).

Finally, the last patch (13th) updates the MAINTAINERS file.

This patch (of 13):

DAMON is a data access monitoring framework for the Linux kernel.  The
core mechanisms of DAMON make it

 - accurate (the monitoring output is useful enough for DRAM level
   performance-centric memory management; It might be inappropriate for
   CPU cache levels, though),
 - light-weight (the monitoring overhead is normally low enough to be
   applied online), and
 - scalable (the upper-bound of the overhead is in constant range
   regardless of the size of target workloads).

Using this framework, hence, we can easily write efficient kernel space
data access monitoring applications.  For example, the kernel's memory
management mechanisms can make advanced decisions using this.
Experimental data access aware optimization works that incurring high
access monitoring overhead could again be implemented on top of this.

Due to its simple and flexible interface, providing user space interface
would be also easy.  Then, user space users who have some special
workloads can write personalized applications for better understanding and
optimizations of their workloads and systems.

===

Nevertheless, this commit is defining and implementing only basic access
check part without the overhead-accuracy handling core logic.  The basic
access check is as below.

The output of DAMON says what memory regions are how frequently accessed
for a given duration.  The resolution of the access frequency is
controlled by setting ``sampling interval`` and ``aggregation interval``.
In detail, DAMON checks access to each page per ``sampling interval`` and
aggregates the results.  In other words, counts the number of the accesses
to each region.  After each ``aggregation interval`` passes, DAMON calls
callback functions that previously registered by users so that users can
read the aggregated results and then clears the results.  This can be
described in below simple pseudo-code::

    init()
    while monitoring_on:
        for page in monitoring_target:
            if accessed(page):
                nr_accesses[page] += 1
        if time() % aggregation_interval == 0:
            for callback in user_registered_callbacks:
                callback(monitoring_target, nr_accesses)
            for page in monitoring_target:
                nr_accesses[page] = 0
        if time() % update_interval == 0:
            update()
        sleep(sampling interval)

The target regions constructed at the beginning of the monitoring and
updated after each ``regions_update_interval``, because the target regions
could be dynamically changed (e.g., mmap() or memory hotplug).  The
monitoring overhead of this mechanism will arbitrarily increase as the
size of the target workload grows.

The basic monitoring primitives for actual access check and dynamic target
regions construction aren't in the core part of DAMON.  Instead, it allows
users to implement their own primitives that are optimized for their use
case and configure DAMON to use those.  In other words, users cannot use
current version of DAMON without some additional works.

Following commits will implement the core mechanisms for the
overhead-accuracy control and default primitives implementations.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-1-sj38.park@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716081449.22187-2-sj38.park@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: SeongJae Park <sjpark@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Leonard Foerster <foersleo@amazon.de>
Reviewed-by: Fernand Sieber <sieberf@amazon.com>
Acked-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Jonathan Cameron <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com>
Cc: Alexander Shishkin <alexander.shishkin@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Amit Shah <amit@kernel.org>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.com>
Cc: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Fan Du <fan.du@intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Maximilian Heyne <mheyne@amazon.de>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Namhyung Kim <namhyung@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt (VMware) <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Brendan Higgins <brendanhiggins@google.com>
Cc: Markus Boehme <markubo@amazon.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agokfence: test: fail fast if disabled at boot
Marco Elver [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:24 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
kfence: test: fail fast if disabled at boot

Fail kfence_test fast if KFENCE was disabled at boot, instead of each test
case trying several seconds to allocate from KFENCE and failing.  KUnit
will fail all test cases if kunit_suite::init returns an error.

Even if KFENCE was disabled, we still want the test to fail, so that CI
systems that parse KUnit output will alert on KFENCE being disabled
(accidentally or otherwise).

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210825105533.1247922-1-elver@google.com
Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Reported-by: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Tested-by: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agokfence: show cpu and timestamp in alloc/free info
Marco Elver [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:21 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
kfence: show cpu and timestamp in alloc/free info

Record cpu and timestamp on allocations and frees, and show them in
reports.  Upon an error, this can help correlate earlier messages in the
kernel log via allocation and free timestamps.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714175312.2947941-1-elver@google.com
Suggested-by: Joern Engel <joern@purestorage.com>
Signed-off-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Acked-by: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Acked-by: Joern Engel <joern@purestorage.com>
Cc: Yuanyuan Zhong <yzhong@purestorage.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/secretmem: use refcount_t instead of atomic_t
Jordy Zomer [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:18 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/secretmem: use refcount_t instead of atomic_t

When a secret memory region is active, memfd_secret disables hibernation.
One of the goals is to keep the secret data from being written to
persistent-storage.

It accomplishes this by maintaining a reference count to
`secretmem_users`.  Once this reference is held your system can not be
hibernated due to the check in `hibernation_available()`.  However,
because `secretmem_users` is of type `atomic_t`, reference counter
overflows are possible.

As you can see there's an `atomic_inc` for each `memfd` that is opened in
the `memfd_secret` syscall.  If a local attacker succeeds to open 2^32
memfd's, the counter will wrap around to 0.  This implies that you may
hibernate again, even though there are still regions of this secret
memory, thereby bypassing the security check.

In an attempt to fix this I have used `refcount_t` instead of `atomic_t`
which prevents reference counter overflows.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210820043339.2151352-1-jordy@pwning.systems
Signed-off-by: Jordy Zomer <jordy@pwning.systems>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>,
Cc: Jordy Zomer <jordy@jordyzomer.github.io>
Cc: James Bottomley <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: introduce PAGEFLAGS_MASK to replace ((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1)
Muchun Song [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:15 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm: introduce PAGEFLAGS_MASK to replace ((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1)

Instead of hard-coding ((1UL << NR_PAGEFLAGS) - 1) everywhere, introducing
PAGEFLAGS_MASK to make the code clear to get the page flags.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210819150712.59948-1-songmuchun@bytedance.com
Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Acked-by: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Reviewed-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: in_irq() cleanup
Changbin Du [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:12 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm: in_irq() cleanup

Replace the obsolete and ambiguos macro in_irq() with new macro
in_hardirq().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210813145245.86070-1-changbin.du@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Changbin Du <changbin.du@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [kmemleak]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agohighmem: don't disable preemption on RT in kmap_atomic()
Sebastian Andrzej Siewior [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:09 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
highmem: don't disable preemption on RT in kmap_atomic()

kmap_atomic() disables preemption and pagefaults for historical reasons.
The conversion to kmap_local(), which only disables migration, cannot be
done wholesale because quite some call sites need to be updated to
accommodate with the changed semantics.

On PREEMPT_RT enabled kernels the kmap_atomic() semantics are problematic
due to the implicit disabling of preemption which makes it impossible to
acquire 'sleeping' spinlocks within the kmap atomic sections.

PREEMPT_RT replaces the preempt_disable() with a migrate_disable() for
more than a decade.  It could be argued that this is a justification to do
this unconditionally, but PREEMPT_RT covers only a limited number of
architectures and it disables some functionality which limits the coverage
further.

Limit the replacement to PREEMPT_RT for now.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210810091116.pocdmaatdcogvdso@linutronix.de
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/early_ioremap.c: remove redundant early_ioremap_shutdown()
Weizhao Ouyang [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:06 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm/early_ioremap.c: remove redundant early_ioremap_shutdown()

early_ioremap_reset() reserved a weak function so that architectures can
provide a specific cleanup.  Now no architectures use it, remove this
redundant function.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210901082917.399953-1-o451686892@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Weizhao Ouyang <o451686892@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: don't allow executable ioremap mappings
Christoph Hellwig [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:04 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm: don't allow executable ioremap mappings

There is no need to execute from iomem (and most platforms it is
impossible anyway), so add the pgprot_nx() call similar to vmap.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210824091259.1324527-3-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: move ioremap_page_range to vmalloc.c
Christoph Hellwig [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:56:01 +0000 (19:56 -0700)]
mm: move ioremap_page_range to vmalloc.c

Patch series "small ioremap cleanups".

The first patch moves a little code around the vmalloc/ioremap boundary
following a bigger move by Nick earlier.  The second enforces
non-executable mapping on ioremap just like we do for vmap.  No driver
currently uses executable mappings anyway, as they should.

This patch (of 2):

This keeps it together with the implementation, and to remove the
vmap_range wrapper.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210824091259.1324527-1-hch@lst.de
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210824091259.1324527-2-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Reviewed-by: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoriscv: only select GENERIC_IOREMAP if MMU support is enabled
Christoph Hellwig [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:58 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
riscv: only select GENERIC_IOREMAP if MMU support is enabled

nommu ioremap is an inline stub in asm-generic/io.h.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210825072036.GA29161@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: remove redundant compound_head() calling
Muchun Song [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:55 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm: remove redundant compound_head() calling

There is a READ_ONCE() in the macro of compound_head(), which will prevent
compiler from optimizing the code when there are more than once calling of
it in a function.  Remove the redundant calling of compound_head() from
page_to_index() and page_add_file_rmap() for better code generation.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210811101431.83940-1-songmuchun@bytedance.com
Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: William Kucharski <william.kucharski@oracle.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: use helper zone_is_zone_device() to simplify the code
Miaohe Lin [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:52 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: use helper zone_is_zone_device() to simplify the code

Patch series "Cleanup and fixups for memory hotplug".

This series contains cleanup to use helper function to simplify the code.
Also we fix some potential bugs.  More details can be found in the
respective changelogs.

This patch (of 3):

Use helper zone_is_zone_device() to simplify the code and remove some
explicit CONFIG_ZONE_DEVICE codes.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210821094246.10149-1-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210821094246.10149-2-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Chris Goldsworthy <cgoldswo@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: improved dynamic memory group aware "auto-movable" online policy
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:48 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: improved dynamic memory group aware "auto-movable" online policy

Currently, the "auto-movable" online policy does not allow for hotplugged
KERNEL (ZONE_NORMAL) memory to increase the amount of MOVABLE memory we
can have, primarily, because there is no coordiantion across memory
devices and we don't want to create zone-imbalances accidentially when
unplugging memory.

However, within a single memory device it's different.  Let's allow for
KERNEL memory within a dynamic memory group to allow for more MOVABLE
within the same memory group.  The only thing we have to take care of is
that the managing driver avoids zone imbalances by unplugging MOVABLE
memory first, otherwise there can be corner cases where unplug of memory
could result in (accidential) zone imbalances.

virtio-mem is the only user of dynamic memory groups and recently added
support for prioritizing unplug of ZONE_MOVABLE over ZONE_NORMAL, so we
don't need a new toggle to enable it for dynamic memory groups.

We limit this handling to dynamic memory groups, because:

* We want to keep the runtime overhead for collecting stats when
  onlining a single memory block small.  We tend to have only a handful of
  dynamic memory groups, but we can have quite some static memory groups
  (e.g., 256 DIMMs).

* It doesn't make too much sense for static memory groups, as we try
  onlining all applicable memory blocks either completely to ZONE_MOVABLE
  or not.  In ordinary operation, we won't have a mixture of zones within
  a static memory group.

When adding memory to a dynamic memory group, we'll first online memory to
ZONE_MOVABLE as long as early KERNEL memory allows for it.  Then, we'll
online the next unit(s) to ZONE_NORMAL, until we can online the next
unit(s) to ZONE_MOVABLE.

For a simple virtio-mem device with a MOVABLE:KERNEL ratio of 3:1, it will
result in a layout like:

  [M][M][M][M][M][M][M][M][N][M][M][M][N][M][M][M]...
  ^ movable memory due to early kernel memory
   ^ allows for more movable memory ...
      ^-----^ ... here
       ^ allows for more movable memory ...
          ^-----^ ... here

While the created layout is sub-optimal when it comes to contiguous zones,
it gives us the maximum flexibility when dynamically growing/shrinking a
device; we can grow small VMs really big in small steps, and still shrink
reliably to e.g., 1/4 of the maximum VM size in this example, removing
full memory blocks along with meta data more reliably.

Mark dynamic memory groups in the xarray such that we can efficiently
iterate over them when collecting stats.  In usual setups, we have one
virtio-mem device per NUMA node, and usually only a small number of NUMA
nodes.

Note: for now, there seems to be no compelling reason to make this
behavior configurable.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-10-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: memory group aware "auto-movable" online policy
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:45 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: memory group aware "auto-movable" online policy

Use memory groups to improve our "auto-movable" onlining policy:

1. For static memory groups (e.g., a DIMM), online a memory block MOVABLE
   only if all other memory blocks in the group are either MOVABLE or could
   be onlined MOVABLE. A DIMM will either be MOVABLE or not, not a mixture.

2. For dynamic memory groups (e.g., a virtio-mem device), online a
   memory block MOVABLE only if all other memory blocks inside the
   current unit are either MOVABLE or could be onlined MOVABLE. For a
   virtio-mem device with a device block size with 512 MiB, all 128 MiB
   memory blocks wihin a 512 MiB unit will either be MOVABLE or not, not
   a mixture.

We have to pass the memory group to zone_for_pfn_range() to take the
memory group into account.

Note: for now, there seems to be no compelling reason to make this
behavior configurable.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-9-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agovirtio-mem: use a single dynamic memory group for a single virtio-mem device
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:41 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
virtio-mem: use a single dynamic memory group for a single virtio-mem device

Let's use a single dynamic memory group.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-8-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agodax/kmem: use a single static memory group for a single probed unit
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:37 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
dax/kmem: use a single static memory group for a single probed unit

Although dax/kmem users often disable auto-onlining and instead online
memory manually (usually to ZONE_MOVABLE), there is still value in having
auto-onlining be aware of the relationship of memory blocks.

Let's treat one probed unit as a single static memory device, similar to a
single ACPI memory device.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-7-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoACPI: memhotplug: use a single static memory group for a single memory device
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:34 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
ACPI: memhotplug: use a single static memory group for a single memory device

Let's group all memory we add for a single memory device - we want a
single node for that (which also seems to be the sane thing to do).

We won't care for now about memory that was already added to the system
(e.g., via e820) -- usually *all* memory of a memory device was already
added and we'll fail acpi_memory_enable_device().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-6-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: track present pages in memory groups
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:30 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: track present pages in memory groups

Let's track all present pages in each memory group.  Especially, track
memory present in ZONE_MOVABLE and memory present in one of the kernel
zones (which really only is ZONE_NORMAL right now as memory groups only
apply to hotplugged memory) separately within a memory group, to prepare
for making smart auto-online decision for individual memory blocks within
a memory group based on group statistics.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-5-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agodrivers/base/memory: introduce "memory groups" to logically group memory blocks
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:26 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
drivers/base/memory: introduce "memory groups" to logically group memory blocks

In our "auto-movable" memory onlining policy, we want to make decisions
across memory blocks of a single memory device.  Examples of memory
devices include ACPI memory devices (in the simplest case a single DIMM)
and virtio-mem.  For now, we don't have a connection between a single
memory block device and the real memory device.  Each memory device
consists of 1..X memory block devices.

Let's logically group memory blocks belonging to the same memory device in
"memory groups".  Memory groups can span multiple physical ranges and a
memory group itself does not contain any information regarding physical
ranges, only properties (e.g., "max_pages") necessary for improved memory
onlining.

Introduce two memory group types:

1) Static memory group: E.g., a single ACPI memory device, consisting
   of 1..X memory resources.  A memory group consists of 1..Y memory
   blocks.  The whole group is added/removed in one go.  If any part
   cannot get offlined, the whole group cannot be removed.

2) Dynamic memory group: E.g., a single virtio-mem device.  Memory is
   dynamically added/removed in a fixed granularity, called a "unit",
   consisting of 1..X memory blocks.  A unit is added/removed in one go.
   If any part of a unit cannot get offlined, the whole unit cannot be
   removed.

In case of 1) we usually want either all memory managed by ZONE_MOVABLE or
none.  In case of 2) we usually want to have as many units as possible
managed by ZONE_MOVABLE.  We want a single unit to be of the same type.

For now, memory groups are an internal concept that is not exposed to user
space; we might want to change that in the future, though.

add_memory() users can specify a mgid instead of a nid when passing the
MHP_NID_IS_MGID flag.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-4-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: introduce "auto-movable" online policy
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:23 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: introduce "auto-movable" online policy

When onlining without specifying a zone (using "online" instead of
"online_kernel" or "online_movable"), we currently select a zone such that
existing zones are kept contiguous.  This online policy made sense in the
past, where contiguous zones where required.

We'd like to implement smarter policies, however:

* User space has little insight.  As one example, it has no idea which
  memory blocks logically belong together (e.g., to a DIMM or to a
  virtio-mem device).

* Drivers that add memory in separate memory blocks, especially
  virtio-mem, want memory to get onlined right from the kernel when
  adding.

So we really want to have onlining to differing zones managed in the
kernel, configured by user space.

We see more and more cases where we might eventually hotplug a lot of
memory in the future (e.g., eventually grow a 2 GiB VM to 64 GiB),
however:

* Resizing happens dynamically, in smaller steps in both directions
  (e.g., 2 GiB -> 8 GiB -> 4 GiB -> 16 GiB ...)

* We still want as much flexibility as possible, especially,
  hotunplugging as much memory as possible later.

We can really only use "online_movable" if we know that the amount of
memory we are going to hotplug upfront, and we know that it won't result
in a zone imbalance.  So in our example, a 2 GiB VM that could grow to 64
GiB could currently not use "online_movable", and instead, "online_kernel"
would have to be used, resulting in worse (no) memory hotunplug
reliability.

Let's add a new "auto-movable" online policy that considers the current
zone ratios (global, per-node) to determine, whether we a memory block can
be onlined to ZONE_MOVABLE:

MOVABLE : KERNEL

However, internally we'll only consider the following ratio for now:

MOVABLE : KERNEL_EARLY

For now, we don't allow for hotplugged KERNEL memory to allow for more
MOVABLE memory, because there is no coordination across memory devices.
In follow-up patches, we will allow for more KERNEL memory within a memory
device to allow for more MOVABLE memory within the same memory device --
which only makes sense for special memory device types.

We base our calculation on "present pages", see the code comments for
details.  Hotplugged memory will get online to ZONE_MOVABLE if the
configured ratio allows for it.  Depending on the setup, this can result
in fragmented zones, which can make compaction slower and dynamic
allocation of gigantic pages when not using CMA less reliable (...  which
is already pretty unreliable).

The old policy will be the default and called "contig-zones".  In
follow-up patches, our new policy will use additional information, such as
memory groups, to make even smarter decisions across memory blocks.

Configuration:

* memory_hotplug.online_policy is used to switch between both polices
  and defaults to "contig-zones".

* memory_hotplug.auto_movable_ratio defines the maximum ratio is in
  percent and defaults to "301" -- allowing e.g., most 8 GiB machines to
  grow to 32 GiB and have all hotplugged memory in ZONE_MOVABLE.  The
  additional percent accounts for a handful of lost present pages (e.g.,
  firmware allocations).  User space is expected to adjust this ratio when
  enabling the new "auto-movable" policy, though.

* memory_hotplug.auto_movable_numa_aware considers numa node stats in
  addition to global stats, and defaults to "true".

Note: just like the old policy, the new policy won't take things like
unmovable huge pages or memory ballooning that doesn't support balloon
compaction into account.  User space has to configure onlining
accordingly.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-3-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: track present early pages per zone
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:19 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm: track present early pages per zone

Patch series "mm/memory_hotplug: "auto-movable" online policy and memory groups", v3.

I. Goal

The goal of this series is improving in-kernel auto-online support.  It
tackles the fundamental problems that:

 1) We can create zone imbalances when onlining all memory blindly to
    ZONE_MOVABLE, in the worst case crashing the system. We have to know
    upfront how much memory we are going to hotplug such that we can
    safely enable auto-onlining of all hotplugged memory to ZONE_MOVABLE
    via "online_movable". This is far from practical and only applicable in
    limited setups -- like inside VMs under the RHV/oVirt hypervisor which
    will never hotplug more than 3 times the boot memory (and the
    limitation is only in place due to the Linux limitation).

 2) We see more setups that implement dynamic VM resizing, hot(un)plugging
    memory to resize VM memory. In these setups, we might hotplug a lot of
    memory, but it might happen in various small steps in both directions
    (e.g., 2 GiB -> 8 GiB -> 4 GiB -> 16 GiB ...). virtio-mem is the
    primary driver of this upstream right now, performing such dynamic
    resizing NUMA-aware via multiple virtio-mem devices.

    Onlining all hotplugged memory to ZONE_NORMAL means we basically have
    no hotunplug guarantees. Onlining all to ZONE_MOVABLE means we can
    easily run into zone imbalances when growing a VM. We want a mixture,
    and we want as much memory as reasonable/configured in ZONE_MOVABLE.
    Details regarding zone imbalances can be found at [1].

 3) Memory devices consist of 1..X memory block devices, however, the
    kernel doesn't really track the relationship. Consequently, also user
    space has no idea. We want to make per-device decisions.

    As one example, for memory hotunplug it doesn't make sense to use a
    mixture of zones within a single DIMM: we want all MOVABLE if
    possible, otherwise all !MOVABLE, because any !MOVABLE part will easily
    block the whole DIMM from getting hotunplugged.

    As another example, virtio-mem operates on individual units that span
    1..X memory blocks. Similar to a DIMM, we want a unit to either be all
    MOVABLE or !MOVABLE. A "unit" can be thought of like a DIMM, however,
    all units of a virtio-mem device logically belong together and are
    managed (added/removed) by a single driver. We want as much memory of
    a virtio-mem device to be MOVABLE as possible.

 4) We want memory onlining to be done right from the kernel while adding
    memory, not triggered by user space via udev rules; for example, this
    is reqired for fast memory hotplug for drivers that add individual
    memory blocks, like virito-mem. We want a way to configure a policy in
    the kernel and avoid implementing advanced policies in user space.

The auto-onlining support we have in the kernel is not sufficient.  All we
have is a) online everything MOVABLE (online_movable) b) online everything
!MOVABLE (online_kernel) c) keep zones contiguous (online).  This series
allows configuring c) to mean instead "online movable if possible
according to the coniguration, driven by a maximum MOVABLE:KERNEL ratio"
-- a new onlining policy.

II. Approach

This series does 3 things:

 1) Introduces the "auto-movable" online policy that initially operates on
    individual memory blocks only. It uses a maximum MOVABLE:KERNEL ratio
    to make a decision whether a memory block will be onlined to
    ZONE_MOVABLE or not. However, in the basic form, hotplugged KERNEL
    memory does not allow for more MOVABLE memory (details in the
    patches). CMA memory is treated like MOVABLE memory.

 2) Introduces static (e.g., DIMM) and dynamic (e.g., virtio-mem) memory
    groups and uses group information to make decisions in the
    "auto-movable" online policy across memory blocks of a single memory
    device (modeled as memory group). More details can be found in patch
    #3 or in the DIMM example below.

 3) Maximizes ZONE_MOVABLE memory within dynamic memory groups, by
    allowing ZONE_NORMAL memory within a dynamic memory group to allow for
    more ZONE_MOVABLE memory within the same memory group. The target use
    case is dynamic VM resizing using virtio-mem. See the virtio-mem
    example below.

I remember that the basic idea of using a ratio to implement a policy in
the kernel was once mentioned by Vitaly Kuznetsov, but I might be wrong (I
lost the pointer to that discussion).

For me, the main use case is using it along with virtio-mem (and DIMMs /
ppc64 dlpar where necessary) for dynamic resizing of VMs, increasing the
amount of memory we can hotunplug reliably again if we might eventually
hotplug a lot of memory to a VM.

III. Target Usage

The target usage will be:

 1) Linux boots with "mhp_default_online_type=offline"

 2) User space (e.g., systemd unit) configures memory onlining (according
    to a config file and system properties), for example:
    * Setting memory_hotplug.online_policy=auto-movable
    * Setting memory_hotplug.auto_movable_ratio=301
    * Setting memory_hotplug.auto_movable_numa_aware=true

 3) User space enabled auto onlining via "echo online >
    /sys/devices/system/memory/auto_online_blocks"

 4) User space triggers manual onlining of all already-offline memory
    blocks (go over offline memory blocks and set them to "online")

IV. Example

For DIMMs, hotplugging 4 GiB DIMMs to a 4 GiB VM with a configured ratio of
301% results in the following layout:
Memory block 0-15:    DMA32   (early)
Memory block 32-47:   Normal  (early)
Memory block 48-79:   Movable (DIMM 0)
Memory block 80-111:  Movable (DIMM 1)
Memory block 112-143: Movable (DIMM 2)
Memory block 144-275: Normal  (DIMM 3)
Memory block 176-207: Normal  (DIMM 4)
... all Normal
(-> hotplugged Normal memory does not allow for more Movable memory)

For virtio-mem, using a simple, single virtio-mem device with a 4 GiB VM
will result in the following layout:
Memory block 0-15:    DMA32   (early)
Memory block 32-47:   Normal  (early)
Memory block 48-143:  Movable (virtio-mem, first 12 GiB)
Memory block 144:     Normal  (virtio-mem, next 128 MiB)
Memory block 145-147: Movable (virtio-mem, next 384 MiB)
Memory block 148:     Normal  (virtio-mem, next 128 MiB)
Memory block 149-151: Movable (virtio-mem, next 384 MiB)
... Normal/Movable mixture as above
(-> hotplugged Normal memory allows for more Movable memory within
    the same device)

Which gives us maximum flexibility when dynamically growing/shrinking a
VM in smaller steps.

V. Doc Update

I'll update the memory-hotplug.rst documentation, once the overhaul [1] is
usptream. Until then, details can be found in patch #2.

VI. Future Work

 1) Use memory groups for ppc64 dlpar
 2) Being able to specify a portion of (early) kernel memory that will be
    excluded from the ratio. Like "128 MiB globally/per node" are excluded.

    This might be helpful when starting VMs with extremely small memory
    footprint (e.g., 128 MiB) and hotplugging memory later -- not wanting
    the first hotplugged units getting onlined to ZONE_MOVABLE. One
    alternative would be a trigger to not consider ZONE_DMA memory
    in the ratio. We'll have to see if this is really rrequired.
 3) Indicate to user space that MOVABLE might be a bad idea -- especially
    relevant when memory ballooning without support for balloon compaction
    is active.

This patch (of 9):

For implementing a new memory onlining policy, which determines when to
online memory blocks to ZONE_MOVABLE semi-automatically, we need the
number of present early (boot) pages -- present pages excluding hotplugged
pages.  Let's track these pages per zone.

Pass a page instead of the zone to adjust_present_page_count(), similar as
adjust_managed_page_count() and derive the zone from the page.

It's worth noting that a memory block to be offlined/onlined is either
completely "early" or "not early".  add_memory() and friends can only add
complete memory blocks and we only online/offline complete (individual)
memory blocks.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-1-david@redhat.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806124715.17090-2-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Marek Kedzierski <mkedzier@redhat.com>
Cc: Hui Zhu <teawater@gmail.com>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agoACPI: memhotplug: memory resources cannot be enabled yet
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:14 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
ACPI: memhotplug: memory resources cannot be enabled yet

We allocate + initialize everything from scratch.  In case enabling the
device fails, we free all memory resourcs.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712124052.26491-5-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta@ionos.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@ozlabs.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Jia He <justin.he@arm.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Michel Lespinasse <michel@lespinasse.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Pierre Morel <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo.org>
Cc: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: remove nid parameter from remove_memory() and friends
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:09 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: remove nid parameter from remove_memory() and friends

There is only a single user remaining.  We can simply lookup the nid only
used for node offlining purposes when walking our memory blocks.  We don't
expect to remove multi-nid ranges; and if we'd ever do, we most probably
don't care about removing multi-nid ranges that actually result in empty
nodes.

If ever required, we can detect the "multi-nid" scenario and simply try
offlining all online nodes.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712124052.26491-4-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> (powerpc)
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@ozlabs.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jia He <justin.he@arm.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Michel Lespinasse <michel@lespinasse.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta@ionos.com>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Pierre Morel <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo.org>
Cc: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: remove nid parameter from arch_remove_memory()
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:55:04 +0000 (19:55 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: remove nid parameter from arch_remove_memory()

The parameter is unused, let's remove it.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712124052.26491-3-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Acked-by: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au> [powerpc]
Acked-by: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com> [s390]
Reviewed-by: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta@ionos.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo.org>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Michel Lespinasse <michel@lespinasse.org>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Pierre Morel <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Jia He <justin.he@arm.com>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@ozlabs.org>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm/memory_hotplug: use "unsigned long" for PFN in zone_for_pfn_range()
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:54:59 +0000 (19:54 -0700)]
mm/memory_hotplug: use "unsigned long" for PFN in zone_for_pfn_range()

Patch series "mm/memory_hotplug: preparatory patches for new online policy and memory"

These are all cleanups and one fix previously sent as part of [1]:
[PATCH v1 00/12] mm/memory_hotplug: "auto-movable" online policy and memory
groups.

These patches make sense even without the other series, therefore I pulled
them out to make the other series easier to digest.

[1] https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210607195430.48228-1-david@redhat.com

This patch (of 4):

Checkpatch complained on a follow-up patch that we are using "unsigned"
here, which defaults to "unsigned int" and checkpatch is correct.

As we will search for a fitting zone using the wrong pfn, we might end
up onlining memory to one of the special kernel zones, such as ZONE_DMA,
which can end badly as the onlined memory does not satisfy properties of
these zones.

Use "unsigned long" instead, just as we do in other places when handling
PFNs.  This can bite us once we have physical addresses in the range of
multiple TB.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712124052.26491-2-david@redhat.com
Fixes: e5e689302633 ("mm, memory_hotplug: display allowed zones in the preferred ordering")
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta@ionos.com>
Reviewed-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Vitaly Kuznetsov <vkuznets@redhat.com>
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Pankaj Gupta <pankaj.gupta.linux@gmail.com>
Cc: Wei Yang <richard.weiyang@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rjw@rjwysocki.net>
Cc: Len Brown <lenb@kernel.org>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Michael Ellerman <mpe@ellerman.id.au>
Cc: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com>
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: "Aneesh Kumar K.V" <aneesh.kumar@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Anton Blanchard <anton@ozlabs.org>
Cc: Ard Biesheuvel <ardb@kernel.org>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Cc: Benjamin Herrenschmidt <benh@kernel.crashing.org>
Cc: Borislav Petkov <bp@alien8.de>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Christophe Leroy <christophe.leroy@c-s.fr>
Cc: Dave Jiang <dave.jiang@intel.com>
Cc: "H. Peter Anvin" <hpa@zytor.com>
Cc: Ingo Molnar <mingo@redhat.com>
Cc: Jia He <justin.he@arm.com>
Cc: Joe Perches <joe@perches.com>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Laurent Dufour <ldufour@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Michel Lespinasse <michel@lespinasse.org>
Cc: Nathan Lynch <nathanl@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Paul Mackerras <paulus@samba.org>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Pierre Morel <pmorel@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Scott Cheloha <cheloha@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Sergei Trofimovich <slyfox@gentoo.org>
Cc: Thiago Jung Bauermann <bauerman@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Vishal Verma <vishal.l.verma@intel.com>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.sourceforge.jp>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: memory_hotplug: cleanup after removal of pfn_valid_within()
Mike Rapoport [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:54:55 +0000 (19:54 -0700)]
mm: memory_hotplug: cleanup after removal of pfn_valid_within()

When test_pages_in_a_zone() used pfn_valid_within() is has some logic
surrounding pfn_valid_within() checks.

Since pfn_valid_within() is gone, this logic can be removed.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210713080035.7464-3-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomm: remove pfn_valid_within() and CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE
Mike Rapoport [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:54:52 +0000 (19:54 -0700)]
mm: remove pfn_valid_within() and CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE

Patch series "mm: remove pfn_valid_within() and CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE".

After recent updates to freeing unused parts of the memory map, no
architecture can have holes in the memory map within a pageblock.  This
makes pfn_valid_within() check and CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE configuration
option redundant.

The first patch removes them both in a mechanical way and the second patch
simplifies memory_hotplug::test_pages_in_a_zone() that had
pfn_valid_within() surrounded by more logic than simple if.

This patch (of 2):

After recent changes in freeing of the unused parts of the memory map and
rework of pfn_valid() in arm and arm64 there are no architectures that can
have holes in the memory map within a pageblock and so nothing can enable
CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE which guards non trivial implementation of
pfn_valid_within().

With that, pfn_valid_within() is always hardwired to 1 and can be
completely removed.

Remove calls to pfn_valid_within() and CONFIG_HOLES_IN_ZONE.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210713080035.7464-1-rppt@kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210713080035.7464-2-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Cc: "Rafael J. Wysocki" <rafael@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomemory-hotplug.rst: complete admin-guide overhaul
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:54:49 +0000 (19:54 -0700)]
memory-hotplug.rst: complete admin-guide overhaul

The memory hot(un)plug documentation is outdated and incomplete.  Most of
the content dates back to 2007, so it's time for a major overhaul.

Let's rewrite, reorganize and update most parts of the documentation.  In
addition to memory hot(un)plug, also add some details regarding
ZONE_MOVABLE, with memory hotunplug being one of its main consumers.

Drop the file history, that information can more reliably be had from the
git log.

The style of the document is also properly fixed that e.g., "restview"
renders it cleanly now.

In the future, we might add some more details about virt users like
virtio-mem, the XEN balloon, the Hyper-V balloon and ppc64 dlpar.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707073205.3835-3-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
9 months agomemory-hotplug.rst: remove locking details from admin-guide
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 8 Sep 2021 02:54:46 +0000 (19:54 -0700)]
memory-hotplug.rst: remove locking details from admin-guide

Patch series "memory-hotplug.rst: complete admin-guide overhaul", v3.

This patch (of 2):

We have the same content at Documentation/core-api/memory-hotplug.rst and
it doesn't fit into the admin-guide.  The documentation was accidentially
duplicated when merging.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707073205.3835-1-david@redhat.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707073205.3835-2-david@redhat.com
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
Cc: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Cc: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Stephen Rothwell <sfr@canb.auug.org.au>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
10 months agoLinux 5.14
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 29 Aug 2021 22:04:50 +0000 (15:04 -0700)]
Linux 5.14

10 months agoMerge tag 'clk-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 29 Aug 2021 19:52:17 +0000 (12:52 -0700)]
Merge tag 'clk-fixes-for-linus' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/clk/linux

Pull clk fix from Stephen Boyd:
 "One hotfix for a NULL pointer deref in the Renesas usb clk driver"

* tag 'clk-fixes-for-linus' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/clk/linux:
  clk: renesas: rcar-usb2-clock-sel: Fix kernel NULL pointer dereference

10 months agoMerge tag 'sched_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 29 Aug 2021 17:54:14 +0000 (10:54 -0700)]
Merge tag 'sched_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull scheduler fixes from Borislav Petkov:

 - Have get_push_task() check whether current has migration disabled and
   thus avoid useless invocations of the migration thread

 - Rework initialization flow so that all rq->core's are initialized,
   even of CPUs which have not been onlined yet, so that iterating over
   them all works as expected

* tag 'sched_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  sched: Fix get_push_task() vs migrate_disable()
  sched: Fix Core-wide rq->lock for uninitialized CPUs

10 months agoMerge tag 'irq_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 29 Aug 2021 17:47:02 +0000 (10:47 -0700)]
Merge tag 'irq_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull irq fix from Borislav Petkov:

 - Have msix_mask_all() check a global control which says whether MSI-X
   masking should be done and thus make it usable on Xen-PV too

* tag 'irq_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  PCI/MSI: Skip masking MSI-X on Xen PV

10 months agoMerge tag 'perf_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 29 Aug 2021 17:36:32 +0000 (10:36 -0700)]
Merge tag 'perf_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull perf fixes from Borislav Petkov:

 - Prevent the amd/power module from being removed while in use

 - Mark AMD IBS as not supporting content exclusion

 - Add a workaround for AMD erratum #1197 where IBS registers might not
   be restored properly after exiting CC6 state

 - Fix a potential truncation of a 32-bit variable due to shifting

 - Read the correct bits describing the number of configurable address
   ranges on Intel PT

* tag 'perf_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  perf/x86/amd/power: Assign pmu.module
  perf/x86/amd/ibs: Extend PERF_PMU_CAP_NO_EXCLUDE to IBS Op
  perf/x86/amd/ibs: Work around erratum #1197
  perf/x86/intel/uncore: Fix integer overflow on 23 bit left shift of a u32
  perf/x86/intel/pt: Fix mask of num_address_ranges

10 months agoMerge tag 'x86_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Sun, 29 Aug 2021 17:26:00 +0000 (10:26 -0700)]
Merge tag 'x86_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/tip/tip

Pull x86 fixes from Borislav Petkov:

 - Fix build error on RHEL where -Werror=maybe-uninitialized is set.

 - Restore the firmware's IDT when calling EFI boot services and before
   ExitBootServices() has been called. This fixes a boot failure on what
   appears to be a tablet with 32-bit UEFI running a 64-bit kernel.

* tag 'x86_urgent_for_v5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/tip/tip:
  x86/resctrl: Fix a maybe-uninitialized build warning treated as error
  x86/efi: Restore Firmware IDT before calling ExitBootServices()

10 months agoRevert "parisc: Add assembly implementations for memset, strlen, strcpy, strncpy...
Helge Deller [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 18:42:57 +0000 (20:42 +0200)]
Revert "parisc: Add assembly implementations for memset, strlen, strcpy, strncpy and strcat"

This reverts commit 83af58f8068ea3f7b3c537c37a30887bfa585069.

It turns out that at least the assembly implementation for strncpy() was
buggy.  Revert the whole commit and return back to the default coding.

Signed-off-by: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # v5.4+
Cc: Rasmus Villemoes <linux@rasmusvillemoes.dk>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
10 months agoclk: renesas: rcar-usb2-clock-sel: Fix kernel NULL pointer dereference
Adam Ford [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 14:17:21 +0000 (09:17 -0500)]
clk: renesas: rcar-usb2-clock-sel: Fix kernel NULL pointer dereference

The probe was manually passing NULL instead of dev to devm_clk_hw_register.
This caused a Unable to handle kernel NULL pointer dereference error.
Fix this by passing 'dev'.

Signed-off-by: Adam Ford <aford173@gmail.com>
Fixes: a20a40a8bbc2 ("clk: renesas: rcar-usb2-clock-sel: Fix error handling in .probe()")
Reviewed-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert+renesas@glider.be>
Signed-off-by: Stephen Boyd <sboyd@kernel.org>
10 months agoMerge tag 'scsi-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 28 Aug 2021 18:39:16 +0000 (11:39 -0700)]
Merge tag 'scsi-fixes' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi

Pull SCSI fix from James Bottomley:
 "A single fix for a race introduced by a fix that went into 5.14-rc5"

* tag 'scsi-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/jejb/scsi:
  scsi: core: Fix hang of freezing queue between blocking and running device

10 months agoMerge tag 'usb-5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/usb
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 28 Aug 2021 18:32:16 +0000 (11:32 -0700)]
Merge tag 'usb-5.14' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/gregkh/usb

Pull USB fixes from Greg KH:
 "Here are a few tiny USB fixes for reported issues with some USB
  drivers.

  These fixes include:

   - gadget driver fixes for regressions

   - tcpm driver fix

   - dwc3 driver fixes

   - xhci renesas firmware loading fix, again.

   - usb serial option driver device id addition

   - usb serial ch341 revert for regression

  All all of these have been in linux-next with no reported problems"

* tag 'usb-5.14' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/gregkh/usb:
  usb: gadget: u_audio: fix race condition on endpoint stop
  usb: gadget: f_uac2: fixup feedback endpoint stop
  usb: typec: tcpm: Raise vdm_sm_running flag only when VDM SM is running
  usb: renesas-xhci: Prefer firmware loading on unknown ROM state
  usb: dwc3: gadget: Stop EP0 transfers during pullup disable
  usb: dwc3: gadget: Fix dwc3_calc_trbs_left()
  Revert "USB: serial: ch341: fix character loss at high transfer rates"
  USB: serial: option: add new VID/PID to support Fibocom FG150

10 months agoMerge tag 'powerpc-5.14-7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/powerpc...
Linus Torvalds [Sat, 28 Aug 2021 17:40:41 +0000 (10:40 -0700)]
Merge tag 'powerpc-5.14-7' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/powerpc/linux

Pull powerpc fixes from Michael Ellerman:

 - Fix scv implicit soft-mask table for relocated (eg. kdump) kernels

 - Re-enable ARCH_ENABLE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCK, which was disabled due to a
   typo

Thanks to Lukas Bulwahn, Nicholas Piggin, and Daniel Axtens.

* tag 'powerpc-5.14-7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/powerpc/linux:
  powerpc/64s: Fix scv implicit soft-mask table for relocated kernels
  powerpc: Re-enable ARCH_ENABLE_SPLIT_PMD_PTLOCK

10 months agoMerge tag 'block-5.14-2021-08-27' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 23:08:29 +0000 (16:08 -0700)]
Merge tag 'block-5.14-2021-08-27' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block

Pull block fixes from Jens Axboe:

 - Revert the mq-deadline priority handling, it's causing serious
   performance regressions. While experimental patches exists to fix
   this up, it's too late to do so now. Revert it and re-do it properly
   for 5.15 instead.

 - Fix a NULL vs IS_ERR() regression in this release (Dan)

 - Fix a mq-deadline accounting regression in this release (Bart)

 - Mark cryptoloop as deprecated. It's broken and dm-crypt fully
   supports it, and it's actively intefering with loop. Plan on removal
   for 5.16 (Christoph)

* tag 'block-5.14-2021-08-27' of git://git.kernel.dk/linux-block:
  cryptoloop: add a deprecation warning
  pd: fix a NULL vs IS_ERR() check
  Revert "block/mq-deadline: Prioritize high-priority requests"
  mq-deadline: Fix request accounting

10 months agoMerge tag 'soc-fixes-5.14-4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/soc/soc
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 22:59:00 +0000 (15:59 -0700)]
Merge tag 'soc-fixes-5.14-4' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/soc/soc

Pull ARM SoC fixes from Arnd Bergmann:
 "Just two trivial fixes from the reset driver tree, nothing else came
  up since the last soc fixes"

* tag 'soc-fixes-5.14-4' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/soc/soc:
  reset: reset-zynqmp: Fixed the argument data type
  reset: RESET_MCHP_SPARX5 should depend on ARCH_SPARX5

10 months agoMerge tag 'acpi-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 19:18:09 +0000 (12:18 -0700)]
Merge tag 'acpi-5.14-rc8' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm

Pull ACPI fix from Rafael Wysocki:
 "Fix a regression introduced during this cycle that has been partially
  addressed by an earlier commit (Andy Shevchenko)"

* tag 'acpi-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm:
  media: ipu3-cio2: Drop reference on error path in cio2_bridge_connect_sensor()

10 months agoMerge tag 'pm-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 19:06:51 +0000 (12:06 -0700)]
Merge tag 'pm-5.14-rc8' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm

Pull power management fixes from Rafael Wysocki:
 "These fix two issues introduced during this cycle, one of which is a
  regression and the other one affects new code.

  Specifics:

   - Prevent the operating performance points (OPP) code from crashing
     when some entries in the table of required OPPs are set to error
     pointer values (Marijn Suijten)

   - Prevent the generic power domains (genpd) framework from
     incorrectly overriding the performance state of a device set by its
     driver while it is runtime-suspended or when runtime PM of it is
     disabled (Dmitry Osipenko)"

* tag 'pm-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/rafael/linux-pm:
  PM: domains: Improve runtime PM performance state handling
  opp: core: Check for pending links before reading required_opp pointers

10 months agovirtio-mem: fix sleeping in RCU read side section in virtio_mem_online_page_cb()
David Hildenbrand [Wed, 25 Aug 2021 10:24:15 +0000 (12:24 +0200)]
virtio-mem: fix sleeping in RCU read side section in virtio_mem_online_page_cb()

virtio_mem_set_fake_offline() might sleep now, and we call it under
rcu_read_lock(). To fix it, simply move the rcu_read_unlock() further
up, as we're done with the device.

Reported-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Fixes: 6cc26d77613a: "virtio-mem: use page_offline_(start|end) when setting PageOffline()
Cc: "Michael S. Tsirkin" <mst@redhat.com>
Cc: Jason Wang <jasowang@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: virtualization@lists.linux-foundation.org
Signed-off-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
10 months agoMerge branch 'pm-opp'
Rafael J. Wysocki [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 18:27:01 +0000 (20:27 +0200)]
Merge branch 'pm-opp'

* pm-opp:
  opp: core: Check for pending links before reading required_opp pointers

10 months agoMerge tag 'riscv-for-linus-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 18:04:57 +0000 (11:04 -0700)]
Merge tag 'riscv-for-linus-5.14-rc8' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/riscv/linux

Pull RISC-V fixes from Palmer Dabbelt:

 - device tree updates for the Microsemi Polarfire development kit that
   fix some mismatches between the u-boot and Linux enternet entries

 - ensure that the F register state is correctly reflected in core dumps

* tag 'riscv-for-linus-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/riscv/linux:
  riscv: dts: microchip: Add ethernet0 to the aliases node
  riscv: dts: microchip: Use 'local-mac-address' for emac1
  riscv: Ensure the value of FP registers in the core dump file is up to date

10 months agoMerge tag 'mmc-v5.14-rc7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ulfh/mmc
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 16:52:48 +0000 (09:52 -0700)]
Merge tag 'mmc-v5.14-rc7' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/ulfh/mmc

Pull MMC host fix from Ulf Hansson:

 - sdhci-iproc: Fix clock error for ACPI rpi's

* tag 'mmc-v5.14-rc7' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/ulfh/mmc:
  Revert "mmc: sdhci-iproc: Set SDHCI_QUIRK_CAP_CLOCK_BASE_BROKEN on BCM2711"

10 months agocryptoloop: add a deprecation warning
Christoph Hellwig [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 16:32:50 +0000 (18:32 +0200)]
cryptoloop: add a deprecation warning

Support for cryptoloop has been officially marked broken and deprecated
in favor of dm-crypt (which supports the same broken algorithms if
needed) in Linux 2.6.4 (released in March 2004), and support for it has
been entirely removed from losetup in util-linux 2.23 (released in April
2013).  Add a warning and a deprecation schedule.

Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210827163250.255325-1-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
10 months agoMerge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.armlinux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 16:00:43 +0000 (09:00 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://git.armlinux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm

Pull ARM fix from Russell King:
 "Resolve a Keystone 2 kernel mapping regression"

* tag 'for-linus' of git://git.armlinux.org.uk/~rmk/linux-arm:
  ARM: 9104/2: Fix Keystone 2 kernel mapping regression

10 months agoRevert "mmc: sdhci-iproc: Set SDHCI_QUIRK_CAP_CLOCK_BASE_BROKEN on BCM2711"
Ulf Hansson [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 14:30:36 +0000 (16:30 +0200)]
Revert "mmc: sdhci-iproc: Set SDHCI_QUIRK_CAP_CLOCK_BASE_BROKEN on BCM2711"

This reverts commit 419dd626e357e89fc9c4e3863592c8b38cfe1571.

It turned out that the change from the reverted commit breaks the ACPI
based rpi's because it causes the 100Mhz max clock to be overridden to the
return from sdhci_iproc_get_max_clock(), which is 0 because there isn't a
OF/DT based clock device.

Reported-by: Jeremy Linton <jeremy.linton@arm.com>
Fixes: 419dd626e357 ("mmc: sdhci-iproc: Set SDHCI_QUIRK_CAP_CLOCK_BASE_BROKEN on BCM2711")
Acked-by: Stefan Wahren <stefan.wahren@i2se.com>
Signed-off-by: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
10 months agousb: gadget: u_audio: fix race condition on endpoint stop
Jerome Brunet [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 09:29:27 +0000 (11:29 +0200)]
usb: gadget: u_audio: fix race condition on endpoint stop

If the endpoint completion callback is call right after the ep_enabled flag
is cleared and before usb_ep_dequeue() is call, we could do a double free
on the request and the associated buffer.

Fix this by clearing ep_enabled after all the endpoint requests have been
dequeued.

Fixes: 7de8681be2cd ("usb: gadget: u_audio: Free requests only after callback")
Cc: stable <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Reported-by: Thinh Nguyen <Thinh.Nguyen@synopsys.com>
Signed-off-by: Jerome Brunet <jbrunet@baylibre.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210827092927.366482-1-jbrunet@baylibre.com
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
10 months agousb: gadget: f_uac2: fixup feedback endpoint stop
Jerome Brunet [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 07:58:53 +0000 (09:58 +0200)]
usb: gadget: f_uac2: fixup feedback endpoint stop

When the uac2 function is stopped, there seems to be an issue reported on
some platforms (Intel Merrifield at least)

BUG: kernel NULL pointer dereference, address: 0000000000000008
...
RIP: 0010:dwc3_gadget_del_and_unmap_request+0x19/0xe0
...
Call Trace:
 dwc3_remove_requests.constprop.0+0x12f/0x170
 __dwc3_gadget_ep_disable+0x7a/0x160
 dwc3_gadget_ep_disable+0x3d/0xd0
 usb_ep_disable+0x1c/0x70
 u_audio_stop_capture+0x79/0x120 [u_audio]
 afunc_set_alt+0x73/0x80 [usb_f_uac2]
 composite_setup+0x224/0x1b90 [libcomposite]

The issue happens only when the gadget is using the sync type "async", not
"adaptive". This indicates that problem is coming from the feedback
endpoint, which is only used with async synchronization mode.

The problem is that request is freed regardless of usb_ep_dequeue(), which
ends up badly if the request is not actually dequeued yet.

Update the feedback endpoint free function to release the endpoint the same
way it is done for the data endpoint, which takes care of the problem.

Fixes: 24f779dac8f3 ("usb: gadget: f_uac2/u_audio: add feedback endpoint support")
Reported-by: Ferry Toth <ftoth@exalondelft.nl>
Tested-by: Ferry Toth <ftoth@exalondelft.nl>
Acked-by: Felipe Balbi <balbi@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Jerome Brunet <jbrunet@baylibre.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210827075853.266912-1-jbrunet@baylibre.com
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
10 months agopd: fix a NULL vs IS_ERR() check
Dan Carpenter [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 10:00:23 +0000 (13:00 +0300)]
pd: fix a NULL vs IS_ERR() check

blk_mq_alloc_disk() returns error pointers, it doesn't return NULL
so correct the check.

Fixes: 262d431f9000 ("pd: use blk_mq_alloc_disk and blk_cleanup_disk")
Signed-off-by: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210827100023.GB9449@kili
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
10 months agoMerge tag 'drm-fixes-2021-08-27' of git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 01:44:25 +0000 (18:44 -0700)]
Merge tag 'drm-fixes-2021-08-27' of git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm

Pull drm fixes from Dave Airlie:
 "Last set of fixes for 5.14, nothing major a couple of i915, couple of
  imx and a few amdgpu. All pretty small.

  i915:
   - Fix syncmap memory leak
   - Drop redundant display port debug print

  amdgpu:
   - Fix for pinning display buffers multiple times
   - Fix delayed work handling for GFXOFF
   - Fix build when CONFIG_SUSPEND is not set

  imx:
   - fix planar offset calculations
   - fix accidental partial revert"

* tag 'drm-fixes-2021-08-27' of git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm:
  drm/i915/dp: Drop redundant debug print
  drm/i915: Fix syncmap memory leak
  drm/amdgpu: Fix build with missing pm_suspend_target_state module export
  drm/amdgpu: Cancel delayed work when GFXOFF is disabled
  drm/amdgpu: use the preferred pin domain after the check
  drm/imx: ipuv3-plane: fix accidental partial revert of 8 pixel alignment fix
  gpu: ipu-v3: Fix i.MX IPU-v3 offset calculations for (semi)planar U/V formats

10 months agoMerge tag 'imx-drm-fixes-2021-08-18' of git://git.pengutronix.de/pza/linux into drm...
Dave Airlie [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 00:49:32 +0000 (10:49 +1000)]
Merge tag 'imx-drm-fixes-2021-08-18' of git://git.pengutronix.de/pza/linux into drm-fixes

drm/imx: imx-drm alignment and plane offset fixes

Fix an accidental partial revert of commit 94dfec48fca7 ("drm/imx: Add 8
pixel alignment fix") and plane offset calculations for capture of
non-aligned resolutions.

Signed-off-by: Dave Airlie <airlied@redhat.com>
From: Philipp Zabel <p.zabel@pengutronix.de>
Link: https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/patch/msgid/85a41af99beb2c9e7d6020435a135bf9f205a5ff.camel@pengutronix.de
10 months agoMerge tag 'amd-drm-fixes-5.14-2021-08-25' of https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/agd5f...
Dave Airlie [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 00:24:07 +0000 (10:24 +1000)]
Merge tag 'amd-drm-fixes-5.14-2021-08-25' of https://gitlab.freedesktop.org/agd5f/linux into drm-fixes

amd-drm-fixes-5.14-2021-08-25:

amdgpu:
- Fix for pinning display buffers multiple times
- Fix delayed work handling for GFXOFF
- Fix build when CONFIG_SUSPEND is not set

Signed-off-by: Dave Airlie <airlied@redhat.com>
From: Alex Deucher <alexander.deucher@amd.com>
Link: https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/patch/msgid/20210826032658.4068-1-alexander.deucher@amd.com
10 months agoMerge tag 'drm-intel-fixes-2021-08-26' of git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm-intel...
Dave Airlie [Fri, 27 Aug 2021 00:13:37 +0000 (10:13 +1000)]
Merge tag 'drm-intel-fixes-2021-08-26' of git://anongit.freedesktop.org/drm/drm-intel into drm-fixes

- Fix syncmap memory leak
- Drop redundant display port debug print

Signed-off-by: Dave Airlie <airlied@redhat.com>
From: Rodrigo Vivi <rodrigo.vivi@intel.com>
Link: https://patchwork.freedesktop.org/patch/msgid/YSfSeHbyS5wBZtNJ@intel.com
10 months agoPCI/MSI: Skip masking MSI-X on Xen PV
Marek Marczykowski-Górecki [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 17:03:42 +0000 (19:03 +0200)]
PCI/MSI: Skip masking MSI-X on Xen PV

When running as Xen PV guest, masking MSI-X is a responsibility of the
hypervisor. The guest has no write access to the relevant BAR at all - when
it tries to, it results in a crash like this:

    BUG: unable to handle page fault for address: ffffc9004069100c
    #PF: supervisor write access in kernel mode
    #PF: error_code(0x0003) - permissions violation
    RIP: e030:__pci_enable_msix_range.part.0+0x26b/0x5f0
     e1000e_set_interrupt_capability+0xbf/0xd0 [e1000e]
     e1000_probe+0x41f/0xdb0 [e1000e]
     local_pci_probe+0x42/0x80
    (...)

The recently introduced function msix_mask_all() does not check the global
variable pci_msi_ignore_mask which is set by XEN PV to bypass the masking
of MSI[-X] interrupts.

Add the check to make this function XEN PV compatible.

Fixes: 7d5ec3d36123 ("PCI/MSI: Mask all unused MSI-X entries")
Signed-off-by: Marek Marczykowski-Górecki <marmarek@invisiblethingslab.com>
Signed-off-by: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Acked-by: Bjorn Helgaas <bhelgaas@google.com>
Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210826170342.135172-1-marmarek@invisiblethingslab.com
10 months agoMerge tag 'nfsd-5.14-1' of git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/linux
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 20:26:40 +0000 (13:26 -0700)]
Merge tag 'nfsd-5.14-1' of git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/linux

Pull nfsd fix from Bruce Fields:
 "This is a one-liner fix for a serious bug that can cause the server to
  become unresponsive to a client, so I think it's worth the last-minute
  inclusion for 5.14"

* tag 'nfsd-5.14-1' of git://linux-nfs.org/~bfields/linux:
  SUNRPC: Fix XPT_BUSY flag leakage in svc_handle_xprt()...

10 months agoMerge tag 'net-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 20:20:22 +0000 (13:20 -0700)]
Merge tag 'net-5.14-rc8' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/netdev/net

Pull networking fixes from Jakub Kicinski:
 "Networking fixes, including fixes from can and bpf.

  Closing three hw-dependent regressions. Any fixes of note are in the
  'old code' category. Nothing blocking release from our perspective.

  Current release - regressions:

   - stmmac: revert "stmmac: align RX buffers"

   - usb: asix: ax88772: move embedded PHY detection as early as
     possible

   - usb: asix: do not call phy_disconnect() for ax88178

   - Revert "net: really fix the build...", from Kalle to fix QCA6390

  Current release - new code bugs:

   - phy: mediatek: add the missing suspend/resume callbacks

  Previous releases - regressions:

   - qrtr: fix another OOB Read in qrtr_endpoint_post

   - stmmac: dwmac-rk: fix unbalanced pm_runtime_enable warnings

  Previous releases - always broken:

   - inet: use siphash in exception handling

   - ip_gre: add validation for csum_start

   - bpf: fix ringbuf helper function compatibility

   - rtnetlink: return correct error on changing device netns

   - e1000e: do not try to recover the NVM checksum on Tiger Lake"

* tag 'net-5.14-rc8' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/netdev/net: (43 commits)
  Revert "net: really fix the build..."
  net: hns3: fix get wrong pfc_en when query PFC configuration
  net: hns3: fix GRO configuration error after reset
  net: hns3: change the method of getting cmd index in debugfs
  net: hns3: fix duplicate node in VLAN list
  net: hns3: fix speed unknown issue in bond 4
  net: hns3: add waiting time before cmdq memory is released
  net: hns3: clear hardware resource when loading driver
  net: fix NULL pointer reference in cipso_v4_doi_free
  rtnetlink: Return correct error on changing device netns
  net: dsa: hellcreek: Adjust schedule look ahead window
  net: dsa: hellcreek: Fix incorrect setting of GCL
  cxgb4: dont touch blocked freelist bitmap after free
  ipv4: use siphash instead of Jenkins in fnhe_hashfun()
  ipv6: use siphash in rt6_exception_hash()
  can: usb: esd_usb2: esd_usb2_rx_event(): fix the interchange of the CAN RX and TX error counters
  net: usb: asix: ax88772: fix boolconv.cocci warnings
  net/sched: ets: fix crash when flipping from 'strict' to 'quantum'
  qede: Fix memset corruption
  net: stmmac: fix kernel panic due to NULL pointer dereference of buf->xdp
  ...

10 months agoRevert "block/mq-deadline: Prioritize high-priority requests"
Jens Axboe [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 18:59:44 +0000 (12:59 -0600)]
Revert "block/mq-deadline: Prioritize high-priority requests"

This reverts commit fb926032b3209300f9dc454a36b8299582ae545c.

Zhen reports that this commit slows down mq-deadline on a 128 thread
box, going from 258K IOPS to 170-180K. My testing shows that Optane
gen2 IOPS goes from 2.3M IOPS to 1.2M IOPS on a 64 thread box.

Looking in detail at the code, the main culprit here is needing to sum
percpu counters in the dispatch hot path, leading to very high CPU
utilization there. To make matters worse, the code currently needs to
sum 2 percpu counters, and it does so in the most naive way of iterating
possible CPUs _twice_.

Since we're close to release, revert this commit and we can re-do it
with regular per-priority counters instead for the 5.15 kernel.

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-block/20210826144039.2143-1-thunder.leizhen@huawei.com/
Reported-by: Zhen Lei <thunder.leizhen@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
10 months agoMerge tag 'arm64-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 18:26:00 +0000 (11:26 -0700)]
Merge tag 'arm64-fixes' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux

Pull arm64 fix from Will Deacon:
 "We received a report this week that the generic version of
  pfn_valid(), which we switched to this merge window in 16c9afc77660
  ("arm64/mm: drop HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID"), interacts badly with
  dma_map_resource() due to the following check:

        /* Don't allow RAM to be mapped */
        if (WARN_ON_ONCE(pfn_valid(PHYS_PFN(phys_addr))))
                return DMA_MAPPING_ERROR;

  Since the ongoing saga to determine the semantics of pfn_valid() is
  unlikely to be resolved this week (does it indicate valid memory, or
  just the presence of a struct page, or whether that struct page has
  been initialised?), just revert back to our old version of pfn_valid()
  for 5.14.

  Summary:

   - Fix dma_map_resource() by reverting back to old pfn_valid() code"

* tag 'arm64-fixes' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/arm64/linux:
  Partially revert "arm64/mm: drop HAVE_ARCH_PFN_VALID"

10 months agoMerge tag 'ceph-for-5.14-rc8' of git://github.com/ceph/ceph-client
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 18:18:30 +0000 (11:18 -0700)]
Merge tag 'ceph-for-5.14-rc8' of git://github.com/ceph/ceph-client

Pull ceph fixes from Ilya Dryomov:
 "Two memory management fixes for the filesystem"

* tag 'ceph-for-5.14-rc8' of git://github.com/ceph/ceph-client:
  ceph: fix possible null-pointer dereference in ceph_mdsmap_decode()
  ceph: correctly handle releasing an embedded cap flush

10 months agoRevert "net: really fix the build..."
Kalle Valo [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 17:28:16 +0000 (20:28 +0300)]
Revert "net: really fix the build..."

This reverts commit ce78ffa3ef1681065ba451cfd545da6126f5ca88.

Wren and Nicolas reported that ath11k was failing to initialise QCA6390
Wi-Fi 6 device with error:

qcom_mhi_qrtr: probe of mhi0_IPCR failed with error -22

Commit ce78ffa3ef16 ("net: really fix the build..."), introduced in
v5.14-rc5, caused this regression in qrtr. Most likely all ath11k
devices are broken, but I only tested QCA6390. Let's revert the broken
commit so that ath11k works again.

Reported-by: Wren Turkal <wt@penguintechs.org>
Reported-by: Nicolas Schichan <nschichan@freebox.fr>
Signed-off-by: Kalle Valo <kvalo@codeaurora.org>
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210826172816.24478-1-kvalo@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
10 months agoMerge tag 'for-5.14-rc7-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kdave...
Linus Torvalds [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 18:05:11 +0000 (11:05 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-5.14-rc7-tag' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/kdave/linux

Pull btrfs fix from David Sterba:
 "One more fix that I think qualifies for a late merge. It's a revert of
  a one-liner fix that meanwhile got backported to stable kernels and we
  got reports from users.

  The broken fix prevents creating compressed inline extents, which
  could be noticeable on space consumption.

  Technically it's a regression as the patch was merged in 5.14-rc1 but
  got propagated to several stable kernels and has higher exposure than
  a 'typical' development cycle bug"

* tag 'for-5.14-rc7-tag' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/kdave/linux:
  Revert "btrfs: compression: don't try to compress if we don't have enough pages"

10 months agosched: Fix get_push_task() vs migrate_disable()
Sebastian Andrzej Siewior [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 13:37:38 +0000 (15:37 +0200)]
sched: Fix get_push_task() vs migrate_disable()

push_rt_task() attempts to move the currently running task away if the
next runnable task has migration disabled and therefore is pinned on the
current CPU.

The current task is retrieved via get_push_task() which only checks for
nr_cpus_allowed == 1, but does not check whether the task has migration
disabled and therefore cannot be moved either. The consequence is a
pointless invocation of the migration thread which correctly observes
that the task cannot be moved.

Return NULL if the task has migration disabled and cannot be moved to
another CPU.

Fixes: a7c81556ec4d3 ("sched: Fix migrate_disable() vs rt/dl balancing")
Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
Signed-off-by: Peter Zijlstra (Intel) <peterz@infradead.org>
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210826133738.yiotqbtdaxzjsnfj@linutronix.de
10 months agomedia: ipu3-cio2: Drop reference on error path in cio2_bridge_connect_sensor()
Andy Shevchenko [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 10:53:24 +0000 (13:53 +0300)]
media: ipu3-cio2: Drop reference on error path in cio2_bridge_connect_sensor()

The commit 71f642833284 ("ACPI: utils: Fix reference counting in
for_each_acpi_dev_match()") moved adev assignment outside of error
path and hence made acpi_dev_put(sensor->adev) a no-op. We still
need to drop reference count on error path, and to achieve that,
replace sensor->adev by locally assigned adev.

Fixes: 71f642833284 ("ACPI: utils: Fix reference counting in for_each_acpi_dev_match()")
Depends-on: fc68f42aa737 ("ACPI: fix NULL pointer dereference")
Reported-by: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andy Shevchenko <andriy.shevchenko@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Sakari Ailus <sakari.ailus@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com>
10 months agoMerge https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/bpf/bpf
Jakub Kicinski [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 15:43:20 +0000 (08:43 -0700)]
Merge https://git./linux/kernel/git/bpf/bpf

Alexei Starovoitov says:

====================
bpf 2021-08-26

We've added 1 non-merge commit during the last 1 day(s):

1) Fix ringbuf helper function compatibility, from Daniel.

* https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/bpf/bpf:
  bpf: Fix ringbuf helper function compatibility
====================

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20210826153720.19083-1-alexei.starovoitov@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
10 months agoMerge branch 'net-hns3-add-some-fixes-for-net'
Jakub Kicinski [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 14:24:20 +0000 (07:24 -0700)]
Merge branch 'net-hns3-add-some-fixes-for-net'

Guangbin Huang says:

====================
net: hns3: add some fixes for -net

This series adds some fixes for the HNS3 ethernet driver.
====================

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/1629976921-43438-1-git-send-email-huangguangbin2@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>
10 months agonet: hns3: fix get wrong pfc_en when query PFC configuration
Guangbin Huang [Thu, 26 Aug 2021 11:22:01 +0000 (19:22 +0800)]
net: hns3: fix get wrong pfc_en when query PFC configuration

Currently, when query PFC configuration by dcbtool, driver will return
PFC enable status based on TC. As all priorities are mapped to TC0 by
default, if TC0 is enabled, then all priorities mapped to TC0 will be
shown as enabled status when query PFC setting, even though some
priorities have never been set.

for example:
$ dcb pfc show dev eth0
pfc-cap 4 macsec-bypass off delay 0
prio-pfc 0:off 1:off 2:off 3:off 4:off 5:off 6:off 7:off
$ dcb pfc set dev eth0 prio-pfc 0:on 1:on 2:on 3:on
$ dcb pfc show dev eth0
pfc-cap 4 macsec-bypass off delay 0
prio-pfc 0:on 1:on 2:on 3:on 4:on 5:on 6:on 7:on

To fix this problem, just returns user's PFC config parameter saved in
driver.

Fixes: cacde272dd00 ("net: hns3: Add hclge_dcb module for the support of DCB feature")
Signed-off-by: Guangbin Huang <huangguangbin2@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Jakub Kicinski <kuba@kernel.org>