linux-2.6-microblaze.git
15 months agoMerge tag 'for-linus' of git://github.com/openrisc/linux
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 3 Sep 2021 18:03:00 +0000 (11:03 -0700)]
Merge tag 'for-linus' of git://github.com/openrisc/linux

Pull OpenRISC updates from Stafford Horne:
 "A few cleanups and compiler warning fixes for OpenRISC.

  Also, this includes dts and defconfig updates to enable Ethernet on
  OpenRISC/Litex FPGA SoC's now that the LiteEth driver has gone
  upstream"

* tag 'for-linus' of git://github.com/openrisc/linux:
  openrisc/litex: Update defconfig
  openrisc/litex: Add ethernet device
  openrisc/litex: Update uart address
  openrisc: Fix compiler warnings in setup
  openrisc: rename or32 code & comments to or1k
  openrisc: don't printk() unconditionally

15 months agoMerge tag 'livepatching-for-5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 3 Sep 2021 17:57:25 +0000 (10:57 -0700)]
Merge tag 'livepatching-for-5.15' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/livepatching/livepatching

Pull livepatching update from Petr Mladek.

* tag 'livepatching-for-5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/livepatching/livepatching:
  livepatch: Replace deprecated CPU-hotplug functions.

15 months agoMerge tag 'iommu-updates-v5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 3 Sep 2021 17:44:35 +0000 (10:44 -0700)]
Merge tag 'iommu-updates-v5.15' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/joro/iommu

Pull iommu updates from Joerg Roedel:

 - New DART IOMMU driver for Apple Silicon M1 chips

 - Optimizations for iommu_[map/unmap] performance

 - Selective TLB flush support for the AMD IOMMU driver to make it more
   efficient on emulated IOMMUs

 - Rework IOVA setup and default domain type setting to move more code
   out of IOMMU drivers and to support runtime switching between certain
   types of default domains

 - VT-d Updates from Lu Baolu:
      - Update the virtual command related registers
      - Enable Intel IOMMU scalable mode by default
      - Preset A/D bits for user space DMA usage
      - Allow devices to have more than 32 outstanding PRs
      - Various cleanups

 - ARM SMMU Updates from Will Deacon:
      SMMUv3:
       - Minor optimisation to avoid zeroing struct members on CMD submission
       - Increased use of batched commands to reduce submission latency
       - Refactoring in preparation for ECMDQ support
      SMMUv2:
       - Fix races when probing devices with identical StreamIDs
       - Optimise walk cache flushing for Qualcomm implementations
       - Allow deep sleep states for some Qualcomm SoCs with shared clocks

 - Various smaller optimizations, cleanups, and fixes

* tag 'iommu-updates-v5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/joro/iommu: (85 commits)
  iommu/io-pgtable: Abstract iommu_iotlb_gather access
  iommu/arm-smmu: Fix missing unlock on error in arm_smmu_device_group()
  iommu/vt-d: Add present bit check in pasid entry setup helpers
  iommu/vt-d: Use pasid_pte_is_present() helper function
  iommu/vt-d: Drop the kernel doc annotation
  iommu/vt-d: Allow devices to have more than 32 outstanding PRs
  iommu/vt-d: Preset A/D bits for user space DMA usage
  iommu/vt-d: Enable Intel IOMMU scalable mode by default
  iommu/vt-d: Refactor Kconfig a bit
  iommu/vt-d: Remove unnecessary oom message
  iommu/vt-d: Update the virtual command related registers
  iommu: Allow enabling non-strict mode dynamically
  iommu: Merge strictness and domain type configs
  iommu: Only log strictness for DMA domains
  iommu: Expose DMA domain strictness via sysfs
  iommu: Express DMA strictness via the domain type
  iommu/vt-d: Prepare for multiple DMA domain types
  iommu/arm-smmu: Prepare for multiple DMA domain types
  iommu/amd: Prepare for multiple DMA domain types
  iommu: Introduce explicit type for non-strict DMA domains
  ...

15 months agoMerge branch 'stable/for-linus-5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel...
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 3 Sep 2021 17:34:44 +0000 (10:34 -0700)]
Merge branch 'stable/for-linus-5.15' of git://git./linux/kernel/git/konrad/swiotlb

Pull swiotlb updates from Konrad Rzeszutek Wilk:
 "A new feature called restricted DMA pools. It allows SWIOTLB to
  utilize per-device (or per-platform) allocated memory pools instead of
  using the global one.

  The first big user of this is ARM Confidential Computing where the
  memory for DMA operations can be set per platform"

* 'stable/for-linus-5.15' of git://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/konrad/swiotlb: (23 commits)
  swiotlb: use depends on for DMA_RESTRICTED_POOL
  of: restricted dma: Don't fail device probe on rmem init failure
  of: Move of_dma_set_restricted_buffer() into device.c
  powerpc/svm: Don't issue ultracalls if !mem_encrypt_active()
  s390/pv: fix the forcing of the swiotlb
  swiotlb: Free tbl memory in swiotlb_exit()
  swiotlb: Emit diagnostic in swiotlb_exit()
  swiotlb: Convert io_default_tlb_mem to static allocation
  of: Return success from of_dma_set_restricted_buffer() when !OF_ADDRESS
  swiotlb: add overflow checks to swiotlb_bounce
  swiotlb: fix implicit debugfs declarations
  of: Add plumbing for restricted DMA pool
  dt-bindings: of: Add restricted DMA pool
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA pool initialization
  swiotlb: Add restricted DMA alloc/free support
  swiotlb: Refactor swiotlb_tbl_unmap_single
  swiotlb: Move alloc_size to swiotlb_find_slots
  swiotlb: Use is_swiotlb_force_bounce for swiotlb data bouncing
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_active to add a struct device argument
  swiotlb: Update is_swiotlb_buffer to add a struct device argument
  ...

15 months agoMerge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)
Linus Torvalds [Fri, 3 Sep 2021 17:08:28 +0000 (10:08 -0700)]
Merge branch 'akpm' (patches from Andrew)

Merge misc updates from Andrew Morton:
 "173 patches.

  Subsystems affected by this series: ia64, ocfs2, block, and mm (debug,
  pagecache, gup, swap, shmem, memcg, selftests, pagemap, mremap,
  bootmem, sparsemem, vmalloc, kasan, pagealloc, memory-failure,
  hugetlb, userfaultfd, vmscan, compaction, mempolicy, memblock,
  oom-kill, migration, ksm, percpu, vmstat, and madvise)"

* emailed patches from Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>: (173 commits)
  mm/madvise: add MADV_WILLNEED to process_madvise()
  mm/vmstat: remove unneeded return value
  mm/vmstat: simplify the array size calculation
  mm/vmstat: correct some wrong comments
  mm/percpu,c: remove obsolete comments of pcpu_chunk_populated()
  selftests: vm: add COW time test for KSM pages
  selftests: vm: add KSM merging time test
  mm: KSM: fix data type
  selftests: vm: add KSM merging across nodes test
  selftests: vm: add KSM zero page merging test
  selftests: vm: add KSM unmerge test
  selftests: vm: add KSM merge test
  mm/migrate: correct kernel-doc notation
  mm: wire up syscall process_mrelease
  mm: introduce process_mrelease system call
  memblock: make memblock_find_in_range method private
  mm/mempolicy.c: use in_task() in mempolicy_slab_node()
  mm/mempolicy: unify the create() func for bind/interleave/prefer-many policies
  mm/mempolicy: advertise new MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY
  mm/hugetlb: add support for mempolicy MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY
  ...

15 months agomm/madvise: add MADV_WILLNEED to process_madvise()
zhangkui [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:01:11 +0000 (15:01 -0700)]
mm/madvise: add MADV_WILLNEED to process_madvise()

There is a usecase in Android that an app process's memory is swapped out
by process_madvise() with MADV_PAGEOUT, such as the memory is swapped to
zram or a backing device.  When the process is scheduled to running, like
switch to foreground, multiple page faults may cause the app dropped
frames.

To reduce the problem, System Management Software can read-ahead memory
of the process immediately when the app switches to forground.  Calling
process_madvise() with MADV_WILLNEED can meet this need.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210804082010.12482-1-zhangkui@oppo.com
Signed-off-by: zhangkui <zhangkui@oppo.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmstat: remove unneeded return value
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:01:08 +0000 (15:01 -0700)]
mm/vmstat: remove unneeded return value

The return value of pagetypeinfo_showfree and pagetypeinfo_showblockcount
are unused now.  Remove them.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715122911.15700-4-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmstat: simplify the array size calculation
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:01:05 +0000 (15:01 -0700)]
mm/vmstat: simplify the array size calculation

We can replace the array_num * sizeof(array[0]) with sizeof(array) to
simplify the code.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715122911.15700-3-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmstat: correct some wrong comments
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:01:03 +0000 (15:01 -0700)]
mm/vmstat: correct some wrong comments

Patch series "Cleanup for vmstat".

This series contains cleanups to remove unneeded return value, correct
wrong comment and simplify the array size calculation.  More details can
be found in the respective changelogs.

This patch (of 3):

Correct wrong fls(mem+1) to fls(mem)+1 and remove the duplicated comment
with quiet_vmstat().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715122911.15700-1-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715122911.15700-2-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/percpu,c: remove obsolete comments of pcpu_chunk_populated()
Jing Xiangfeng [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:01:00 +0000 (15:01 -0700)]
mm/percpu,c: remove obsolete comments of pcpu_chunk_populated()

Commit b239f7daf553 ("percpu: set PCPU_BITMAP_BLOCK_SIZE to PAGE_SIZE")
removed the parameter 'for_alloc', so remove this comment.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1630576043-21367-1-git-send-email-jingxiangfeng@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Jing Xiangfeng <jingxiangfeng@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: vm: add COW time test for KSM pages
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:57 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
selftests: vm: add COW time test for KSM pages

Since merged pages are copied every time they need to be modified, the
write access time is different between shared and non-shared pages.  Add
ksm_cow_time() function which evaluates latency of these COW breaks.
First, 4000 pages are allocated and the time, required to modify 1 byte in
every other page, is measured.  After this, the pages are merged into 2000
pairs and in each pair, 1 page is modified (i.e.  they are decoupled) to
detect COW breaks.  The time needed to break COW of merged pages is then
compared with performance of non-shared pages.

The test is run as follows: ./ksm_tests -C
The output:
Total size:    15 MiB

Not merged pages:
Total time:     0.002185489 s
Average speed:  3202.945 MiB/s

Merged pages:
Total time:     0.004386872 s
Average speed:  1595.670 MiB/s

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1d03ee0d1b341959d4b61672c6401d498bff5652.1629386192.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: vm: add KSM merging time test
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:54 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
selftests: vm: add KSM merging time test

Patch series "add KSM performance tests", v3.

Extend KSM self tests with a performance benchmark.  These tests are not
part of regular regression testing, as they are mainly intended to be used
by developers making changes to the memory management subsystem.

This patch (of 2):

Add ksm_merge_time() function to determine speed and time needed for
merging.  The total spent time is shown in seconds while speed is in
MiB/s.  User must specify the size of duplicated memory area (in MiB)
before running the test.

The test is run as follows: ./ksm_tests -P -s 100
The output:
Total size:    100 MiB
Total time:    0.201106786 s
Average speed:  497.248 MiB/s

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1629386192.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/318b946ac80cc9205c89d0962048378f7ce0705b.1629386192.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: KSM: fix data type
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:51 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm: KSM: fix data type

ksm_stable_node_chains_prune_millisecs is declared as int, but in
stable__node_chains_prune_millisecs_store(), it can store values up to
UINT_MAX.  Change its type to unsigned int.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210806111351.GA71845@asus
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: vm: add KSM merging across nodes test
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:48 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
selftests: vm: add KSM merging across nodes test

Add check_ksm_numa_merge() function to test that pages in different NUMA
nodes are being handled properly.  First, two duplicate pages are
allocated in two separate NUMA nodes using the libnuma library.  Since
there is one unique page in each node, with merge_across_nodes = 0, there
won't be any shared pages.  If merge_across_nodes is set to 1, the pages
will be treated as usual duplicate pages and will be merged.  If NUMA
config is not enabled or the number of NUMA nodes is less than two, then
the test is skipped.  The test is run as follows: ./ksm_tests -N

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/071c17b5b04ebb0dfeba137acc495e5dd9d2a719.1626252248.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: vm: add KSM zero page merging test
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:45 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
selftests: vm: add KSM zero page merging test

Add check_ksm_zero_page_merge() function to test that empty pages are
being handled properly.  For this, several zero pages are allocated and
merged using madvise.  If use_zero_pages is enabled, the pages must be
shared with the special kernel zero pages; otherwise, they are merged as
usual duplicate pages.  The test is run as follows: ./ksm_tests -Z

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/6d0caab00d4bdccf5e3791cb95cf6dfd5eb85e45.1626252248.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: vm: add KSM unmerge test
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:42 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
selftests: vm: add KSM unmerge test

Add check_ksm_unmerge() function to verify that KSM is properly unmerging
shared pages.  For this, two duplicate pages are merged first and then
their contents are modified.  Since they are not identical anymore, the
pages must be unmerged and the number of merged pages has to be 0.  The
test is run as follows: ./ksm_tests -U

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/c0f55420440d704d5b094275b4365aa1b2ad46b5.1626252248.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: vm: add KSM merge test
Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:39 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
selftests: vm: add KSM merge test

Patch series "add KSM selftests".

Introduce selftests to validate the functionality of KSM.  The tests are
run on private anonymous pages.  Since some KSM tunables are modified,
their starting values are saved and restored after testing.  At the start,
run is set to 2 to ensure that only test pages will be merged (we assume
that no applications make madvise syscalls in the background).  If KSM
config not enabled, all tests will be skipped.

This patch (of 4):

Add check_ksm_merge() function to check the basic merging feature of KSM.
First, some number of identical pages are allocated and the MADV_MERGEABLE
advice is given to merge these pages.  Then, pages_shared and
pages_sharing values are compared with the expected numbers using
assert_ksm_pages_count() function.  The number of pages can be changed
using -p option.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1626252248.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/90287685c13300972ea84de93d1f3f900373f9fe.1626252248.git.zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Zhansaya Bagdauletkyzy <zhansayabagdaulet@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Pavel Tatashin <pasha.tatashin@soleen.com>
Reviewed-by: Tyler Hicks <tyhicks@linux.microsoft.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/migrate: correct kernel-doc notation
Randy Dunlap [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:36 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/migrate: correct kernel-doc notation

Use the expected "Return:" format to prevent a kernel-doc warning.

mm/migrate.c:1157: warning: Excess function parameter 'returns' description in 'next_demotion_node'

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210808203151.10632-1-rdunlap@infradead.org
Signed-off-by: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: wire up syscall process_mrelease
Suren Baghdasaryan [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:33 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm: wire up syscall process_mrelease

Split off from prev patch in the series that implements the syscall.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809185259.405936-2-surenb@google.com
Signed-off-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
Acked-by: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@inai.de>
Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: introduce process_mrelease system call
Suren Baghdasaryan [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:29 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm: introduce process_mrelease system call

In modern systems it's not unusual to have a system component monitoring
memory conditions of the system and tasked with keeping system memory
pressure under control.  One way to accomplish that is to kill
non-essential processes to free up memory for more important ones.
Examples of this are Facebook's OOM killer daemon called oomd and
Android's low memory killer daemon called lmkd.

For such system component it's important to be able to free memory quickly
and efficiently.  Unfortunately the time process takes to free up its
memory after receiving a SIGKILL might vary based on the state of the
process (uninterruptible sleep), size and OPP level of the core the
process is running.  A mechanism to free resources of the target process
in a more predictable way would improve system's ability to control its
memory pressure.

Introduce process_mrelease system call that releases memory of a dying
process from the context of the caller.  This way the memory is freed in a
more controllable way with CPU affinity and priority of the caller.  The
workload of freeing the memory will also be charged to the caller.  The
operation is allowed only on a dying process.

After previous discussions [1, 2, 3] the decision was made [4] to
introduce a dedicated system call to cover this use case.

The API is as follows,

          int process_mrelease(int pidfd, unsigned int flags);

        DESCRIPTION
          The process_mrelease() system call is used to free the memory of
          an exiting process.

          The pidfd selects the process referred to by the PID file
          descriptor.
          (See pidfd_open(2) for further information)

          The flags argument is reserved for future use; currently, this
          argument must be specified as 0.

        RETURN VALUE
          On success, process_mrelease() returns 0. On error, -1 is
          returned and errno is set to indicate the error.

        ERRORS
          EBADF  pidfd is not a valid PID file descriptor.

          EAGAIN Failed to release part of the address space.

          EINTR  The call was interrupted by a signal; see signal(7).

          EINVAL flags is not 0.

          EINVAL The memory of the task cannot be released because the
                 process is not exiting, the address space is shared
                 with another live process or there is a core dump in
                 progress.

          ENOSYS This system call is not supported, for example, without
                 MMU support built into Linux.

          ESRCH  The target process does not exist (i.e., it has terminated
                 and been waited on).

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20190411014353.113252-3-surenb@google.com/
[2] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20201113173448.1863419-1-surenb@google.com/
[3] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20201124053943.1684874-3-surenb@google.com/
[4] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-api/20201223075712.GA4719@lst.de/

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809185259.405936-1-surenb@google.com
Signed-off-by: Suren Baghdasaryan <surenb@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Roman Gushchin <guro@fb.com>
Cc: Rik van Riel <riel@surriel.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Oleg Nesterov <oleg@redhat.com>
Cc: Jann Horn <jannh@google.com>
Cc: Geert Uytterhoeven <geert@linux-m68k.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Christian Brauner <christian.brauner@ubuntu.com>
Cc: Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>
Cc: Jan Engelhardt <jengelh@inai.de>
Cc: Tim Murray <timmurray@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomemblock: make memblock_find_in_range method private
Mike Rapoport [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:26 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
memblock: make memblock_find_in_range method private

There are a lot of uses of memblock_find_in_range() along with
memblock_reserve() from the times memblock allocation APIs did not exist.

memblock_find_in_range() is the very core of memblock allocations, so any
future changes to its internal behaviour would mandate updates of all the
users outside memblock.

Replace the calls to memblock_find_in_range() with an equivalent calls to
memblock_phys_alloc() and memblock_phys_alloc_range() and make
memblock_find_in_range() private method of memblock.

This simplifies the callers, ensures that (unlikely) errors in
memblock_reserve() are handled and improves maintainability of
memblock_find_in_range().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210816122622.30279-1-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: Catalin Marinas <catalin.marinas@arm.com> [arm64]
Acked-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shtuemov@linux.intel.com>
Acked-by: Rafael J. Wysocki <rafael.j.wysocki@intel.com> [ACPI]
Acked-by: Russell King (Oracle) <rmk+kernel@armlinux.org.uk>
Acked-by: Nick Kossifidis <mick@ics.forth.gr> [riscv]
Tested-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Acked-by: Rob Herring <robh@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/mempolicy.c: use in_task() in mempolicy_slab_node()
Vasily Averin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:23 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/mempolicy.c: use in_task() in mempolicy_slab_node()

Obsoleted in_intrrupt() include task context with disabled BH, it's better
to use in_task() instead.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/984ee771-4834-21da-801f-c15c18ddf4d1@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/mempolicy: unify the create() func for bind/interleave/prefer-many policies
Feng Tang [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:19 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/mempolicy: unify the create() func for bind/interleave/prefer-many policies

As they all do the same thing: sanity check and save nodemask info, create
one mpol_new_nodemask() to reduce redundancy.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-6-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/mempolicy: advertise new MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY
Ben Widawsky [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:16 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/mempolicy: advertise new MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY

Adds a new mode to the existing mempolicy modes, MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY.

MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY will be adequately documented in the internal
admin-guide with this patch.  Eventually, the man pages for mbind(2),
get_mempolicy(2), set_mempolicy(2) and numactl(8) will also have text
about this mode.  Those shall contain the canonical reference.

NUMA systems continue to become more prevalent.  New technologies like
PMEM make finer grain control over memory access patterns increasingly
desirable.  MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY allows userspace to specify a set of nodes
that will be tried first when performing allocations.  If those
allocations fail, all remaining nodes will be tried.  It's a straight
forward API which solves many of the presumptive needs of system
administrators wanting to optimize workloads on such machines.  The mode
will work either per VMA, or per thread.

[Michal Hocko: refine kernel doc for MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY]

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200630212517.308045-13-ben.widawsky@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-5-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/hugetlb: add support for mempolicy MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY
Ben Widawsky [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:13 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/hugetlb: add support for mempolicy MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY

Implement the missing huge page allocation functionality while obeying the
preferred node semantics.  This is similar to the implementation for
general page allocation, as it uses a fallback mechanism to try multiple
preferred nodes first, and then all other nodes.

To avoid adding too many "#ifdef CONFIG_NUMA" check, add a helper function
in mempolicy.h to check whether a mempolicy is MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: fix compiling issue when merging with other hugetlb patch]
[Thanks to 0day bot for catching the !CONFIG_NUMA compiling issue]
[mhocko@suse.com: suggest to remove the #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA check]
[ben.widawsky@intel.com: add helpers to avoid ifdefs]
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200630212517.308045-12-ben.widawsky@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-4-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809024430.GA46432@shbuild999.sh.intel.com
[nathan@kernel.org: initialize page to NULL in alloc_buddy_huge_page_with_mpol()]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210810200632.3812797-1-nathan@kernel.org
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200630212517.308045-12-ben.widawsky@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-4-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809024430.GA46432@shbuild999.sh.intel.com
Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Nathan Chancellor <nathan@kernel.org>
Co-developed-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/memplicy: add page allocation function for MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY policy
Feng Tang [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:10 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/memplicy: add page allocation function for MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY policy

The semantics of MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY is similar to MPOL_PREFERRED, that it
will first try to allocate memory from the preferred node(s), and fallback
to all nodes in system when first try fails.

Add a dedicated function alloc_pages_preferred_many() for it just like for
'interleave' policy, which will be used by 2 general memoory allocation
APIs: alloc_pages() and alloc_pages_vma()

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200630212517.308045-9-ben.widawsky@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-3-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Suggested-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Originally-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Co-developed-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/mempolicy: add MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY for multiple preferred nodes
Dave Hansen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:06 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/mempolicy: add MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY for multiple preferred nodes

Patch series "Introduce multi-preference mempolicy", v7.

This patch series introduces the concept of the MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY
mempolicy.  This mempolicy mode can be used with either the
set_mempolicy(2) or mbind(2) interfaces.  Like the MPOL_PREFERRED
interface, it allows an application to set a preference for nodes which
will fulfil memory allocation requests.  Unlike the MPOL_PREFERRED mode,
it takes a set of nodes.  Like the MPOL_BIND interface, it works over a
set of nodes.  Unlike MPOL_BIND, it will not cause a SIGSEGV or invoke the
OOM killer if those preferred nodes are not available.

Along with these patches are patches for libnuma, numactl, numademo, and
memhog.  They still need some polish, but can be found here:
https://gitlab.com/bwidawsk/numactl/-/tree/prefer-many It allows new
usage: `numactl -P 0,3,4`

The goal of the new mode is to enable some use-cases when using tiered memory
usage models which I've lovingly named.

1a. The Hare - The interconnect is fast enough to meet bandwidth and
    latency requirements allowing preference to be given to all nodes with
    "fast" memory.
1b. The Indiscriminate Hare - An application knows it wants fast
    memory (or perhaps slow memory), but doesn't care which node it runs
    on.  The application can prefer a set of nodes and then xpu bind to
    the local node (cpu, accelerator, etc).  This reverses the nodes are
    chosen today where the kernel attempts to use local memory to the CPU
    whenever possible.  This will attempt to use the local accelerator to
    the memory.
2.  The Tortoise - The administrator (or the application itself) is
    aware it only needs slow memory, and so can prefer that.

Much of this is almost achievable with the bind interface, but the bind
interface suffers from an inability to fallback to another set of nodes if
binding fails to all nodes in the nodemask.

Like MPOL_BIND a nodemask is given. Inherently this removes ordering from the
preference.

> /* Set first two nodes as preferred in an 8 node system. */
> const unsigned long nodes = 0x3
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY, &nodes, 8);

> /* Mimic interleave policy, but have fallback *.
> const unsigned long nodes = 0xaa
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY, &nodes, 8);

Some internal discussion took place around the interface. There are two
alternatives which we have discussed, plus one I stuck in:

1. Ordered list of nodes.  Currently it's believed that the added
   complexity is nod needed for expected usecases.
2. A flag for bind to allow falling back to other nodes.  This
   confuses the notion of binding and is less flexible than the current
   solution.
3. Create flags or new modes that helps with some ordering.  This
   offers both a friendlier API as well as a solution for more customized
   usage.  It's unknown if it's worth the complexity to support this.
   Here is sample code for how this might work:

> // Prefer specific nodes for some something wacky
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY, 0x17c, 1024);
>
> // Default
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY | MPOL_F_PREFER_ORDER_SOCKET, NULL, 0);
> // which is the same as
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_DEFAULT, NULL, 0);
>
> // The Hare
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY | MPOL_F_PREFER_ORDER_TYPE, NULL, 0);
>
> // The Tortoise
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY | MPOL_F_PREFER_ORDER_TYPE_REV, NULL, 0);
>
> // Prefer the fast memory of the first two sockets
> set_mempolicy(MPOL_PREFER_MANY | MPOL_F_PREFER_ORDER_TYPE, -1, 2);
>

This patch (of 5):

The NUMA APIs currently allow passing in a "preferred node" as a single
bit set in a nodemask.  If more than one bit it set, bits after the first
are ignored.

This single node is generally OK for location-based NUMA where memory
being allocated will eventually be operated on by a single CPU.  However,
in systems with multiple memory types, folks want to target a *type* of
memory instead of a location.  For instance, someone might want some
high-bandwidth memory but do not care about the CPU next to which it is
allocated.  Or, they want a cheap, high capacity allocation and want to
target all NUMA nodes which have persistent memory in volatile mode.  In
both of these cases, the application wants to target a *set* of nodes, but
does not want strict MPOL_BIND behavior as that could lead to OOM killer
or SIGSEGV.

So add MPOL_PREFERRED_MANY policy to support the multiple preferred nodes
requirement.  This is not a pie-in-the-sky dream for an API.  This was a
response to a specific ask of more than one group at Intel.  Specifically:

1. There are existing libraries that target memory types such as
   https://github.com/memkind/memkind.  These are known to suffer from
   SIGSEGV's when memory is low on targeted memory "kinds" that span more
   than one node.  The MCDRAM on a Xeon Phi in "Cluster on Die" mode is an
   example of this.

2. Volatile-use persistent memory users want to have a memory policy
   which is targeted at either "cheap and slow" (PMEM) or "expensive and
   fast" (DRAM).  However, they do not want to experience allocation
   failures when the targeted type is unavailable.

3. Allocate-then-run.  Generally, we let the process scheduler decide
   on which physical CPU to run a task.  That location provides a default
   allocation policy, and memory availability is not generally considered
   when placing tasks.  For situations where memory is valuable and
   constrained, some users want to allocate memory first, *then* allocate
   close compute resources to the allocation.  This is the reverse of the
   normal (CPU) model.  Accelerators such as GPUs that operate on
   core-mm-managed memory are interested in this model.

A check is added in sanitize_mpol_flags() to not permit 'prefer_many'
policy to be used for now, and will be removed in later patch after all
implementations for 'prefer_many' are ready, as suggested by Michal Hocko.

[mhocko@kernel.org: suggest to refine policy_node/policy_nodemask handling]

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-1-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Link: https://lore.kernel.org/r/20200630212517.308045-4-ben.widawsky@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627970362-61305-2-git-send-email-feng.tang@intel.com
Co-developed-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Feng Tang <feng.tang@intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: Randy Dunlap <rdunlap@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>b
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/mempolicy: use readable NUMA_NO_NODE macro instead of magic number
Baolin Wang [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 22:00:03 +0000 (15:00 -0700)]
mm/mempolicy: use readable NUMA_NO_NODE macro instead of magic number

The caller of mpol_misplaced() already use NUMA_NO_NODE to check whether
current page node is misplaced, thus using NUMA_NO_NODE in
mpol_misplaced() instead of magic number is more readable.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1b77c0ce21183fa86f4db250b115cf5e27396528.1627558356.git.baolin.wang@linux.alibaba.com
Signed-off-by: Baolin Wang <baolin.wang@linux.alibaba.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: compaction: support triggering of proactive compaction by user
Charan Teja Reddy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:59 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm: compaction: support triggering of proactive compaction by user

The proactive compaction[1] gets triggered for every 500msec and run
compaction on the node for COMPACTION_HPAGE_ORDER (usually order-9) pages
based on the value set to sysctl.compaction_proactiveness.  Triggering the
compaction for every 500msec in search of COMPACTION_HPAGE_ORDER pages is
not needed for all applications, especially on the embedded system
usecases which may have few MB's of RAM.  Enabling the proactive
compaction in its state will endup in running almost always on such
systems.

Other side, proactive compaction can still be very much useful for getting
a set of higher order pages in some controllable manner(controlled by
using the sysctl.compaction_proactiveness).  So, on systems where enabling
the proactive compaction always may proove not required, can trigger the
same from user space on write to its sysctl interface.  As an example, say
app launcher decide to launch the memory heavy application which can be
launched fast if it gets more higher order pages thus launcher can prepare
the system in advance by triggering the proactive compaction from
userspace.

This triggering of proactive compaction is done on a write to
sysctl.compaction_proactiveness by user.

[1]https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/linux/kernel/git/torvalds/linux.git/commit?id=facdaa917c4d5a376d09d25865f5a863f906234a

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak vm.rst, per Mike]

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1627653207-12317-1-git-send-email-charante@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Charan Teja Reddy <charante@codeaurora.org>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Acked-by: Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@kernel.org>
Cc: Luis Chamberlain <mcgrof@kernel.org>
Cc: Kees Cook <keescook@chromium.org>
Cc: Iurii Zaikin <yzaikin@google.com>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@techsingularity.net>
Cc: Nitin Gupta <nigupta@nvidia.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Khalid Aziz <khalid.aziz@oracle.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: compaction: optimize proactive compaction deferrals
Charan Teja Reddy [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:56 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm: compaction: optimize proactive compaction deferrals

Vlastimil Babka figured out that when fragmentation score didn't go down
across the proactive compaction i.e.  when no progress is made, next wake
up for proactive compaction is deferred for 1 << COMPACT_MAX_DEFER_SHIFT,
i.e.  64 times, with each wakeup interval of
HPAGE_FRAG_CHECK_INTERVAL_MSEC(=500).  In each of this wakeup, it just
decrement 'proactive_defer' counter and goes sleep i.e.  it is getting
woken to just decrement a counter.

The same deferral time can also achieved by simply doing the
HPAGE_FRAG_CHECK_INTERVAL_MSEC << COMPACT_MAX_DEFER_SHIFT thus unnecessary
wakeup of kcompact thread is avoided thus also removes the need of
'proactive_defer' thread counter.

[akpm@linux-foundation.org: tweak comment]

Link: https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fsdevel/88abfdb6-2c13-b5a6-5b46-742d12d1c910@suse.cz/
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/1626869599-25412-1-git-send-email-charante@codeaurora.org
Signed-off-by: Charan Teja Reddy <charante@codeaurora.org>
Acked-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reviewed-by: Khalid Aziz <khalid.aziz@oracle.com>
Acked-by: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Nitin Gupta <nigupta@nvidia.com>
Cc: Vinayak Menon <vinmenon@codeaurora.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm, vmscan: guarantee drop_slab_node() termination
Vlastimil Babka [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:53 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm, vmscan: guarantee drop_slab_node() termination

drop_slab_node() is called as part of echo 2>/proc/sys/vm/drop_caches
operation.  It iterates over all memcgs and calls shrink_slab() which in
turn iterates over all slab shrinkers.  Freed objects are counted and as
long as the total number of freed objects from all memcgs and shrinkers is
higher than 10, drop_slab_node() loops for another full memcgs*shrinkers
iteration.

This arbitrary constant threshold of 10 can result in effectively an
infinite loop on a system with large number of memcgs and/or parallel
activity that allocates new objects.  This has been reported previously by
Chunxin Zang [1] and recently by our customer.

The previous report [1] has resulted in commit 069c411de40a ("mm/vmscan:
fix infinite loop in drop_slab_node") which added a check for signals
allowing the user to terminate the command writing to drop_caches.  At the
time it was also considered to make the threshold grow with each iteration
to guarantee termination, but such patch hasn't been formally proposed
yet.

This patch implements the dynamically growing threshold.  At first
iteration it's enough to free one object to continue, and this threshold
effectively doubles with each iteration.  Our customer's feedback was
positive.

There is always a risk that this change will result on some system in a
previously terminating drop_caches operation to terminate sooner and free
fewer objects.  Ideally the semantics would guarantee freeing all freeable
objects that existed at the moment of starting the operation, while not
looping forever for newly allocated objects, but that's not feasible to
track.  In the less ideal solution based on thresholds, arguably the
termination guarantee is more important than the exhaustiveness guarantee.
If there are reports of large regression wrt being exhaustive, we can
tune how fast the threshold grows.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20200909152047.27905-1-zangchunxin@bytedance.com/T/#u

[vbabka@suse.cz: avoid undefined shift behaviour]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/2f034e6f-a753-550a-f374-e4e23899d3d5@suse.cz
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210818152239.25502-1-vbabka@suse.cz
Signed-off-by: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Reported-by: Chunxin Zang <zangchunxin@bytedance.com>
Cc: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Cc: Chris Down <chris@chrisdown.name>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: add 'else' to remove check_pending label
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:50 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: add 'else' to remove check_pending label

We could add 'else' to remove the somewhat odd check_pending label to make
code core succinct.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210717065911.61497-5-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: remove unneeded return value of kswapd_run()
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:46 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: remove unneeded return value of kswapd_run()

The return value of kswapd_run() is unused now.  Clean it up.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210717065911.61497-4-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: remove misleading setting to sc->priority
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:43 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: remove misleading setting to sc->priority

The priority field of sc is used to control how many pages we should scan
at once while we always traverse the list to shrink the pages in these
functions.  So these settings are unneeded and misleading.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210717065911.61497-3-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: remove the PageDirty check after MADV_FREE pages are page_ref_freezed
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:39 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: remove the PageDirty check after MADV_FREE pages are page_ref_freezed

Patch series "Cleanups for vmscan", v2.

This series contains cleanups to remove unneeded return value, misleading
setting and so on.  Also this remove the PageDirty check after MADV_FREE
pages are page_ref_freezed.  More details can be found in the respective
changelogs.

This patch (of 4):

If the MADV_FREE pages are redirtied before they could be reclaimed, put
the pages back to anonymous LRU list by setting SwapBacked flag and the
pages will be reclaimed in normal swapout way.  But as Yu Zhao pointed
out, "The page has only one reference left, which is from the isolation.
After the caller puts the page back on lru and drops the reference, the
page will be freed anyway.  It doesn't matter which lru it goes." So we
don't bother checking PageDirty here.

[Yu Zhao's comment is also quoted in the code.]

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210717065911.61497-1-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210717065911.61497-2-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Reviewed-by: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vlastimil Babka <vbabka@suse.cz>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Joonsoo Kim <iamjoonsoo.kim@lge.com>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Alistair Popple <apopple@nvidia.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Minchan Kim <minchan@kernel.org>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Shaohua Li <shli@fb.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hillf.zj@alibaba-inc.com>
Cc: John Hubbard <jhubbard@nvidia.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmpressure: replace vmpressure_to_css() with vmpressure_to_memcg()
Hui Su [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:36 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmpressure: replace vmpressure_to_css() with vmpressure_to_memcg()

We can get memcg directly form vmpr instead of vmpr->memcg->css->memcg, so
add a new func helper vmpressure_to_memcg().  And no code will use
vmpressure_to_css(), so delete it.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210630112146.455103-1-suhui@zeku.com
Signed-off-by: Hui Su <suhui@zeku.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Chris Down <chris@chrisdown.name>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Vladimir Davydov <vdavydov.dev@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/migrate: add sysfs interface to enable reclaim migration
Huang Ying [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:33 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/migrate: add sysfs interface to enable reclaim migration

Some method is obviously needed to enable reclaim-based migration.

Just like traditional autonuma, there will be some workloads that will
benefit like workloads with more "static" configurations where hot pages
stay hot and cold pages stay cold.  If pages come and go from the hot and
cold sets, the benefits of this approach will be more limited.

The benefits are truly workload-based and *not* hardware-based.  We do not
believe that there is a viable threshold where certain hardware
configurations should have this mechanism enabled while others do not.

To be conservative, earlier work defaulted to disable reclaim- based
migration and did not include a mechanism to enable it.  This proposes add
a new sysfs file

  /sys/kernel/mm/numa/demotion_enabled

as a method to enable it.

We are open to any alternative that allows end users to enable this
mechanism or disable it if workload harm is detected (just like
traditional autonuma).

Once this is enabled page demotion may move data to a NUMA node that does
not fall into the cpuset of the allocating process.  This could be
construed to violate the guarantees of cpusets.  However, since this is an
opt-in mechanism, the assumption is that anyone enabling it is content to
relax the guarantees.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-9-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-10-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Huang Ying <ying.huang@intel.com>
Originally-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: never demote for memcg reclaim
Dave Hansen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:30 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: never demote for memcg reclaim

Global reclaim aims to reduce the amount of memory used on a given node or
set of nodes.  Migrating pages to another node serves this purpose.

memcg reclaim is different.  Its goal is to reduce the total memory
consumption of the entire memcg, across all nodes.  Migration does not
assist memcg reclaim because it just moves page contents between nodes
rather than actually reducing memory consumption.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-9-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Suggested-by: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: Consider anonymous pages without swap
Keith Busch [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:26 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: Consider anonymous pages without swap

Reclaim anonymous pages if a migration path is available now that demotion
provides a non-swap recourse for reclaiming anon pages.

Note that this check is subtly different from the can_age_anon_pages()
checks.  This mechanism checks whether a specific page in a specific
context can actually be reclaimed, given current swap space and cgroup
limits.

can_age_anon_pages() is a much simpler and more preliminary check which
just says whether there is a possibility of future reclaim.

[kbusch@kernel.org: v11]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-8-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-7-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-8-ying.huang@intel.com
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: add helper for querying ability to age anonymous pages
Dave Hansen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:23 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: add helper for querying ability to age anonymous pages

Anonymous pages are kept on their own LRU(s).  These lists could
theoretically always be scanned and maintained.  But, without swap, there
is currently nothing the kernel can *do* with the results of a scanned,
sorted LRU for anonymous pages.

A check for '!total_swap_pages' currently serves as a valid check as to
whether anonymous LRUs should be maintained.  However, another method will
be added shortly: page demotion.

Abstract out the 'total_swap_pages' checks into a helper, give it a
logically significant name, and check for the possibility of page
demotion.

[dave.hansen@linux.intel.com: v11]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-7-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-6-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-7-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmscan: add page demotion counter
Yang Shi [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:19 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/vmscan: add page demotion counter

Account the number of demoted pages.

Add pgdemote_kswapd and pgdemote_direct VM counters showed in
/proc/vmstat.

[ daveh:
   - __count_vm_events() a bit, and made them look at the THP
     size directly rather than getting data from migrate_pages()
]

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-5-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-6-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/migrate: demote pages during reclaim
Dave Hansen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:16 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/migrate: demote pages during reclaim

This is mostly derived from a patch from Yang Shi:

https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/1560468577-101178-10-git-send-email-yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com/

Add code to the reclaim path (shrink_page_list()) to "demote" data to
another NUMA node instead of discarding the data.  This always avoids the
cost of I/O needed to read the page back in and sometimes avoids the
writeout cost when the page is dirty.

A second pass through shrink_page_list() will be made if any demotions
fail.  This essentially falls back to normal reclaim behavior in the case
that demotions fail.  Previous versions of this patch may have simply
failed to reclaim pages which were eligible for demotion but were unable
to be demoted in practice.

For some cases, for example, MADV_PAGEOUT, the pages are always discarded
instead of demoted to follow the kernel API definition.  Because
MADV_PAGEOUT is defined as freeing specified pages regardless in which
tier they are.

Note: This just adds the start of infrastructure for migration.  It is
actually disabled next to the FIXME in migrate_demote_page_ok().

[dave.hansen@linux.intel.com: v11]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-5-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-4-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-5-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/migrate: enable returning precise migrate_pages() success count
Yang Shi [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:13 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/migrate: enable returning precise migrate_pages() success count

Under normal circumstances, migrate_pages() returns the number of pages
migrated.  In error conditions, it returns an error code.  When returning
an error code, there is no way to know how many pages were migrated or not
migrated.

Make migrate_pages() return how many pages are demoted successfully for
all cases, including when encountering errors.  Page reclaim behavior will
depend on this in subsequent patches.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-3-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-4-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Suggested-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de> [optional parameter]
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/migrate: update node demotion order on hotplug events
Dave Hansen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:09 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/migrate: update node demotion order on hotplug events

Reclaim-based migration is attempting to optimize data placement in memory
based on the system topology.  If the system changes, so must the
migration ordering.

The implementation is conceptually simple and entirely unoptimized.  On
any memory or CPU hotplug events, assume that a node was added or removed
and recalculate all migration targets.  This ensures that the
node_demotion[] array is always ready to be used in case the new reclaim
mode is enabled.

This recalculation is far from optimal, most glaringly that it does not
even attempt to figure out the hotplug event would have some *actual*
effect on the demotion order.  But, given the expected paucity of hotplug
events, this should be fine.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-2-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-3-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/numa: automatically generate node migration order
Dave Hansen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:06 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
mm/numa: automatically generate node migration order

Patch series "Migrate Pages in lieu of discard", v11.

We're starting to see systems with more and more kinds of memory such as
Intel's implementation of persistent memory.

Let's say you have a system with some DRAM and some persistent memory.
Today, once DRAM fills up, reclaim will start and some of the DRAM
contents will be thrown out.  Allocations will, at some point, start
falling over to the slower persistent memory.

That has two nasty properties.  First, the newer allocations can end up in
the slower persistent memory.  Second, reclaimed data in DRAM are just
discarded even if there are gobs of space in persistent memory that could
be used.

This patchset implements a solution to these problems.  At the end of the
reclaim process in shrink_page_list() just before the last page refcount
is dropped, the page is migrated to persistent memory instead of being
dropped.

While I've talked about a DRAM/PMEM pairing, this approach would function
in any environment where memory tiers exist.

This is not perfect.  It "strands" pages in slower memory and never brings
them back to fast DRAM.  Huang Ying has follow-on work which repurposes
NUMA balancing to promote hot pages back to DRAM.

This is also all based on an upstream mechanism that allows persistent
memory to be onlined and used as if it were volatile:

http://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190124231441.37A4A305@viggo.jf.intel.com

With that, the DRAM and PMEM in each socket will be represented as 2
separate NUMA nodes, with the CPUs sit in the DRAM node.  So the
general inter-NUMA demotion mechanism introduced in the patchset can
migrate the cold DRAM pages to the PMEM node.

We have tested the patchset with the postgresql and pgbench.  On a
2-socket server machine with DRAM and PMEM, the kernel with the patchset
can improve the score of pgbench up to 22.1% compared with that of the
DRAM only + disk case.  This comes from the reduced disk read throughput
(which reduces up to 70.8%).

== Open Issues ==

 * Memory policies and cpusets that, for instance, restrict allocations
   to DRAM can be demoted to PMEM whenever they opt in to this
   new mechanism.  A cgroup-level API to opt-in or opt-out of
   these migrations will likely be required as a follow-on.
 * Could be more aggressive about where anon LRU scanning occurs
   since it no longer necessarily involves I/O.  get_scan_count()
   for instance says: "If we have no swap space, do not bother
   scanning anon pages"

This patch (of 9):

Prepare for the kernel to auto-migrate pages to other memory nodes with a
node migration table.  This allows creating single migration target for
each NUMA node to enable the kernel to do NUMA page migrations instead of
simply discarding colder pages.  A node with no target is a "terminal
node", so reclaim acts normally there.  The migration target does not
fundamentally _need_ to be a single node, but this implementation starts
there to limit complexity.

When memory fills up on a node, memory contents can be automatically
migrated to another node.  The biggest problems are knowing when to
migrate and to where the migration should be targeted.

The most straightforward way to generate the "to where" list would be to
follow the page allocator fallback lists.  Those lists already tell us if
memory is full where to look next.  It would also be logical to move
memory in that order.

But, the allocator fallback lists have a fatal flaw: most nodes appear in
all the lists.  This would potentially lead to migration cycles (A->B,
B->A, A->B, ...).

Instead of using the allocator fallback lists directly, keep a separate
node migration ordering.  But, reuse the same data used to generate page
allocator fallback in the first place: find_next_best_node().

This means that the firmware data used to populate node distances
essentially dictates the ordering for now.  It should also be
architecture-neutral since all NUMA architectures have a working
find_next_best_node().

RCU is used to allow lock-less read of node_demotion[] and prevent
demotion cycles been observed.  If multiple reads of node_demotion[] are
performed, a single rcu_read_lock() must be held over all reads to ensure
no cycles are observed.  Details are as follows.

=== What does RCU provide? ===

Imagine a simple loop which walks down the demotion path looking
for the last node:

        terminal_node = start_node;
        while (node_demotion[terminal_node] != NUMA_NO_NODE) {
                terminal_node = node_demotion[terminal_node];
        }

The initial values are:

        node_demotion[0] = 1;
        node_demotion[1] = NUMA_NO_NODE;

and are updated to:

        node_demotion[0] = NUMA_NO_NODE;
        node_demotion[1] = 0;

What guarantees that the cycle is not observed:

        node_demotion[0] = 1;
        node_demotion[1] = 0;

and would loop forever?

With RCU, a rcu_read_lock/unlock() can be placed around the loop.  Since
the write side does a synchronize_rcu(), the loop that observed the old
contents is known to be complete before the synchronize_rcu() has
completed.

RCU, combined with disable_all_migrate_targets(), ensures that the old
migration state is not visible by the time __set_migration_target_nodes()
is called.

=== What does READ_ONCE() provide? ===

READ_ONCE() forbids the compiler from merging or reordering successive
reads of node_demotion[].  This ensures that any updates are *eventually*
observed.

Consider the above loop again.  The compiler could theoretically read the
entirety of node_demotion[] into local storage (registers) and never go
back to memory, and *permanently* observe bad values for node_demotion[].

Note: RCU does not provide any universal compiler-ordering
guarantees:

https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20150921204327.GH4029@linux.vnet.ibm.com/

This code is unused for now.  It will be called later in the
series.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210721063926.3024591-1-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-1-ying.huang@intel.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210715055145.195411-2-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Reviewed-by: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Wei Xu <weixugc@google.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Cc: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Greg Thelen <gthelen@google.com>
Cc: Keith Busch <kbusch@kernel.org>
Cc: Yang Shi <yang.shi@linux.alibaba.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests/vm/userfaultfd: wake after copy failure
Nadav Amit [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:59:02 +0000 (14:59 -0700)]
selftests/vm/userfaultfd: wake after copy failure

When userfaultfd copy-ioctl fails since the PTE already exists, an -EEXIST
error is returned and the faulting thread is not woken.  The current
userfaultfd test does not wake the faulting thread in such case.  The
assumption is presumably that another thread set the PTE through copy/wp
ioctl and would wake the faulting thread or that alternatively the fault
handler would realize there is no need to "must_wait" and continue.  This
is not necessarily true.

There is an assumption that the "must_wait" tests in handle_userfault()
are sufficient to provide definitive answer whether the offending PTE is
populated or not.  However, userfaultfd_must_wait() test is lockless.
Consequently, concurrent calls to ptep_modify_prot_start(), for instance,
can clear the PTE and can cause userfaultfd_must_wait() to wrongly assume
it is not populated and a wait is needed.

There are therefore 3 options:
(1) Change the tests to wake on copy failure.
(2) Wake faulting thread unconditionally on zero/copy ioctls before
    returning -EEXIST.
(3) Change the userfaultfd_must_wait() to hold locks.

This patch took the first approach, but the others are valid solutions
with different tradeoffs.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210808020724.1022515-4-namit@vmware.com
Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Axel Rasmussen <axelrasmussen@google.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agouserfaultfd: prevent concurrent API initialization
Nadav Amit [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:59 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
userfaultfd: prevent concurrent API initialization

userfaultfd assumes that the enabled features are set once and never
changed after UFFDIO_API ioctl succeeded.

However, currently, UFFDIO_API can be called concurrently from two
different threads, succeed on both threads and leave userfaultfd's
features in non-deterministic state.  Theoretically, other uffd operations
(ioctl's and page-faults) can be dispatched while adversely affected by
such changes of features.

Moreover, the writes to ctx->state and ctx->features are not ordered,
which can - theoretically, again - let userfaultfd_ioctl() think that
userfaultfd API completed, while the features are still not initialized.

To avoid races, it is arguably best to get rid of ctx->state.  Since there
are only 2 states, record the API initialization in ctx->features as the
uppermost bit and remove ctx->state.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210808020724.1022515-3-namit@vmware.com
Fixes: 9cd75c3cd4c3d ("userfaultfd: non-cooperative: add ability to report non-PF events from uffd descriptor")
Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Axel Rasmussen <axelrasmussen@google.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agouserfaultfd: change mmap_changing to atomic
Nadav Amit [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:56 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
userfaultfd: change mmap_changing to atomic

Patch series "userfaultfd: minor bug fixes".

Three unrelated bug fixes. The first two addresses possible issues (not
too theoretical ones), but I did not encounter them in practice.

The third patch addresses a test bug that causes the test to fail on my
system. It has been sent before as part of a bigger RFC.

This patch (of 3):

mmap_changing is currently a boolean variable, which is set and cleared
without any lock that protects against concurrent modifications.

mmap_changing is supposed to mark whether userfaultfd page-faults handling
should be retried since mappings are undergoing a change.  However,
concurrent calls, for instance to madvise(MADV_DONTNEED), might cause
mmap_changing to be false, although the remove event was still not read
(hence acknowledged) by the user.

Change mmap_changing to atomic_t and increase/decrease appropriately.  Add
a debug assertion to see whether mmap_changing is negative.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210808020724.1022515-1-namit@vmware.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210808020724.1022515-2-namit@vmware.com
Fixes: df2cc96e77011 ("userfaultfd: prevent non-cooperative events vs mcopy_atomic races")
Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.vnet.ibm.com>
Cc: Peter Xu <peterx@redhat.com>
Cc: Axel Rasmussen <axelrasmussen@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Viro <viro@zeniv.linux.org.uk>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Jens Axboe <axboe@kernel.dk>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agohugetlb: fix hugetlb cgroup refcounting during vma split
Mike Kravetz [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:53 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
hugetlb: fix hugetlb cgroup refcounting during vma split

Guillaume Morin reported hitting the following WARNING followed by GPF or
NULL pointer deference either in cgroups_destroy or in the kill_css path.:

    percpu ref (css_release) <= 0 (-1) after switching to atomic
    WARNING: CPU: 23 PID: 130 at lib/percpu-refcount.c:196 percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_rcu+0x127/0x130
    CPU: 23 PID: 130 Comm: ksoftirqd/23 Kdump: loaded Tainted: G           O      5.10.60 #1
    RIP: 0010:percpu_ref_switch_to_atomic_rcu+0x127/0x130
    Call Trace:
       rcu_core+0x30f/0x530
       rcu_core_si+0xe/0x10
       __do_softirq+0x103/0x2a2
       run_ksoftirqd+0x2b/0x40
       smpboot_thread_fn+0x11a/0x170
       kthread+0x10a/0x140
       ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30

Upon further examination, it was discovered that the css structure was
associated with hugetlb reservations.

For private hugetlb mappings the vma points to a reserve map that
contains a pointer to the css.  At mmap time, reservations are set up
and a reference to the css is taken.  This reference is dropped in the
vma close operation; hugetlb_vm_op_close.  However, if a vma is split no
additional reference to the css is taken yet hugetlb_vm_op_close will be
called twice for the split vma resulting in an underflow.

Fix by taking another reference in hugetlb_vm_op_open.  Note that the
reference is only taken for the owner of the reserve map.  In the more
common fork case, the pointer to the reserve map is cleared for
non-owning vmas.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210830215015.155224-1-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Fixes: e9fe92ae0cd2 ("hugetlb_cgroup: add reservation accounting for private mappings")
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Reported-by: Guillaume Morin <guillaume@morinfr.org>
Suggested-by: Guillaume Morin <guillaume@morinfr.org>
Tested-by: Guillaume Morin <guillaume@morinfr.org>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agohugetlb: before freeing hugetlb page set dtor to appropriate value
Mike Kravetz [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:50 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
hugetlb: before freeing hugetlb page set dtor to appropriate value

When removing a hugetlb page from the pool the ref count is set to one (as
the free page has no ref count) and compound page destructor is set to
NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR.  Since a subsequent call to free the hugetlb page will
call __free_pages for non-gigantic pages and free_gigantic_page for
gigantic pages the destructor is not used.

However, consider the following race with code taking a speculative
reference on the page:

Thread 0 Thread 1
-------- --------
remove_hugetlb_page
  set_page_refcounted(page);
  set_compound_page_dtor(page,
           NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR);
get_page_unless_zero(page)
__update_and_free_page
  __free_pages(page,
           huge_page_order(h));

/* Note that __free_pages() will simply drop
   the reference to the page. */

put_page(page)
  __put_compound_page()
    destroy_compound_page
      NULL_COMPOUND_DTOR
BUG: kernel NULL pointer
dereference, address:
0000000000000000

To address this race, set the dtor to the normal compound page dtor for
non-gigantic pages.  The dtor for gigantic pages does not matter as
gigantic pages are changed from a compound page to 'just a group of pages'
before freeing.  Hence, the destructor is not used.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809184832.18342-4-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@linux.dev>
Cc: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agohugetlb: drop ref count earlier after page allocation
Mike Kravetz [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:47 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
hugetlb: drop ref count earlier after page allocation

When discussing the possibility of inflated page ref counts, Muuchun Song
pointed out this potential issue [1].  It is true that any code could
potentially take a reference on a compound page after allocation and
before it is converted to and put into use as a hugetlb page.
Specifically, this could be done by any users of get_page_unless_zero.

There are three areas of concern within hugetlb code.

1) When adding pages to the pool.  In this case, new pages are
   allocated added to the pool by calling put_page to invoke the hugetlb
   destructor (free_huge_page).  If there is an inflated ref count on the
   page, it will not be immediately added to the free list.  It will only
   be added to the free list when the temporary ref count is dropped.
   This is deemed acceptable and will not be addressed.

2) A page is allocated for immediate use normally as a surplus page or
   migration target.  In this case, the user of the page will also hold a
   reference.  There is no issue as this is just like normal page ref
   counting.

3) A page is allocated and MUST be added to the free list to satisfy a
   reservation.  One such example is gather_surplus_pages as pointed out
   by Muchun in [1].  More specifically, this case covers callers of
   enqueue_huge_page where the page reference count must be zero.  This
   patch covers this third case.

Three routines call enqueue_huge_page when the page reference count could
potentially be inflated.  They are: gather_surplus_pages,
alloc_and_dissolve_huge_page and add_hugetlb_page.

add_hugetlb_page is called on error paths when a huge page can not be
freed due to the inability to allocate vmemmap pages.  In this case, the
temporairly inflated ref count is not an issue.  When the ref is dropped
the appropriate action will be taken.  Instead of VM_BUG_ON if the ref
count does not drop to zero, simply return.

In gather_surplus_pages and alloc_and_dissolve_huge_page the caller
expects a page (or pages) to be put on the free lists.  In this case we
must ensure there are no temporary ref counts.  We do this by calling
put_page_testzero() earlier and not using pages without a zero ref count.
The temporary page flag (HPageTemporary) is used in such cases so that as
soon as the inflated ref count is dropped the page will be freed.

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-mm/CAMZfGtVMn3daKrJwZMaVOGOaJU+B4dS--x_oPmGQMD=c=QNGEg@mail.gmail.com/

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809184832.18342-3-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
Cc: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@linux.dev>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agohugetlb: simplify prep_compound_gigantic_page ref count racing code
Mike Kravetz [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:43 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
hugetlb: simplify prep_compound_gigantic_page ref count racing code

Code in prep_compound_gigantic_page waits for a rcu grace period if it
notices a temporarily inflated ref count on a tail page.  This was due to
the identified potential race with speculative page cache references which
could only last for a rcu grace period.  This is overly complicated as
this situation is VERY unlikely to ever happen.  Instead, just quickly
return an error.

Also, only print a warning in prep_compound_gigantic_page instead of
multiple callers.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210809184832.18342-2-mike.kravetz@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Mike Kravetz <mike.kravetz@oracle.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Mina Almasry <almasrymina@google.com>
Cc: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@linux.dev>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: fix panic caused by __page_handle_poison()
Michael Wang [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:40 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm: fix panic caused by __page_handle_poison()

In commit 510d25c92ec4 ("mm/hwpoison: disable pcp for
page_handle_poison()"), __page_handle_poison() was introduced, and if we
mark:

RET_A = dissolve_free_huge_page();
RET_B = take_page_off_buddy();

then __page_handle_poison was supposed to return TRUE When RET_A == 0 &&
RET_B == TRUE

But since it failed to take care the case when RET_A is -EBUSY or -ENOMEM,
and just return the ret as a bool which actually become TRUE, it break the
original logic.

The following result is a huge page in freelist but was
referenced as poisoned, and lead into the final panic:

  kernel BUG at mm/internal.h:95!
  invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI
  skip...
  RIP: 0010:set_page_refcounted mm/internal.h:95 [inline]
  RIP: 0010:remove_hugetlb_page+0x23c/0x240 mm/hugetlb.c:1371
  skip...
  Call Trace:
   remove_pool_huge_page+0xe4/0x110 mm/hugetlb.c:1892
   return_unused_surplus_pages+0x8d/0x150 mm/hugetlb.c:2272
   hugetlb_acct_memory.part.91+0x524/0x690 mm/hugetlb.c:4017

This patch replaces 'bool' with 'int' to handle RET_A correctly.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/61782ac6-1e8a-4f6f-35e6-e94fce3b37f5@linux.alibaba.com
Fixes: 510d25c92ec4 ("mm/hwpoison: disable pcp for page_handle_poison()")
Signed-off-by: Michael Wang <yun.wang@linux.alibaba.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Reported-by: Abaci <abaci@linux.alibaba.com>
Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> [5.14+]
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: hwpoison: dump page for unhandlable page
Yang Shi [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:37 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm: hwpoison: dump page for unhandlable page

Currently just very simple message is shown for unhandlable page, e.g.
non-LRU page, like: soft_offline: 0x1469f2: unknown non LRU page type
5ffff0000000000 ()

It is not very helpful for further debug, calling dump_page() could show
more useful information.

Calling dump_page() in get_any_page() in order to not duplicate the call
in a couple of different places.  It may be called with pcp disabled and
holding memory hotplug lock, it should be not a big deal since hwpoison
handler is not called very often.

[shy828301@gmail.com: remove redundant pr_info per Noaya Horiguchi]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210824020946.195257-3-shy828301@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210819054116.266126-3-shy828301@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Suggested-by: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Mackey <tdmackey@twitter.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agodoc: hwpoison: correct the support for hugepage
Yang Shi [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:34 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
doc: hwpoison: correct the support for hugepage

The hwpoison support for huge page, both hugetlb and THP, has been in
kernel for a while, the statement in document is obsolete, correct it.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210819054116.266126-2-shy828301@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: David Mackey <tdmackey@twitter.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: hwpoison: don't drop slab caches for offlining non-LRU page
Yang Shi [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:31 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm: hwpoison: don't drop slab caches for offlining non-LRU page

In the current implementation of soft offline, if non-LRU page is met,
all the slab caches will be dropped to free the page then offline.  But
if the page is not slab page all the effort is wasted in vain.  Even
though it is a slab page, it is not guaranteed the page could be freed
at all.

However the side effect and cost is quite high.  It does not only drop
the slab caches, but also may drop a significant amount of page caches
which are associated with inode caches.  It could make the most
workingset gone in order to just offline a page.  And the offline is not
guaranteed to succeed at all, actually I really doubt the success rate
for real life workload.

Furthermore the worse consequence is the system may be locked up and
unusable since the page cache release may incur huge amount of works
queued for memcg release.

Actually we ran into such unpleasant case in our production environment.
Firstly, the workqueue of memory_failure_work_func is locked up as
below:

    BUG: workqueue lockup - pool cpus=1 node=0 flags=0x0 nice=0 stuck for 53s!
    Showing busy workqueues and worker pools:
    workqueue events: flags=0x0
     pwq 2: cpus=1 node=0 flags=0x0 nice=0 active=14/256 refcnt=15
      in-flight: 409271:memory_failure_work_func
      pending: kfree_rcu_work, kfree_rcu_monitor, kfree_rcu_work, rht_deferred_worker, rht_deferred_worker, rht_deferred_worker, rht_deferred_worker, kfree_rcu_work, kfree_rcu_work, kfree_rcu_work, kfree_rcu_work, drain_local_stock, kfree_rcu_work
    workqueue mm_percpu_wq: flags=0x8
     pwq 2: cpus=1 node=0 flags=0x0 nice=0 active=1/256 refcnt=2
      pending: vmstat_update
    workqueue cgroup_destroy: flags=0x0
      pwq 2: cpus=1 node=0 flags=0x0 nice=0 active=1/1 refcnt=12072
        pending: css_release_work_fn

There were over 12K css_release_work_fn queued, and this caused a few
lockups due to the contention of worker pool lock with IRQ disabled, for
example:

    NMI watchdog: Watchdog detected hard LOCKUP on cpu 1
    Modules linked in: amd64_edac_mod edac_mce_amd crct10dif_pclmul crc32_pclmul ghash_clmulni_intel xt_DSCP iptable_mangle kvm_amd bpfilter vfat fat acpi_ipmi i2c_piix4 usb_storage ipmi_si k10temp i2c_core ipmi_devintf ipmi_msghandler acpi_cpufreq sch_fq_codel xfs libcrc32c crc32c_intel mlx5_core mlxfw nvme xhci_pci ptp nvme_core pps_core xhci_hcd
    CPU: 1 PID: 205500 Comm: kworker/1:0 Tainted: G             L    5.10.32-t1.el7.twitter.x86_64 #1
    Hardware name: TYAN F5AMT /z        /S8026GM2NRE-CGN, BIOS V8.030 03/30/2021
    Workqueue: events memory_failure_work_func
    RIP: 0010:queued_spin_lock_slowpath+0x41/0x1a0
    Code: 41 f0 0f ba 2f 08 0f 92 c0 0f b6 c0 c1 e0 08 89 c2 8b 07 30 e4 09 d0 a9 00 01 ff ff 75 1b 85 c0 74 0e 8b 07 84 c0 74 08 f3 90 <8b> 07 84 c0 75 f8 b8 01 00 00 00 66 89 07 c3 f6 c4 01 75 04 c6 47
    RSP: 0018:ffff9b2ac278f900 EFLAGS: 00000002
    RAX: 0000000000480101 RBX: ffff8ce98ce71800 RCX: 0000000000000084
    RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: 0000000000000000 RDI: ffff8ce98ce6a140
    RBP: 00000000000284c8 R08: ffffd7248dcb6808 R09: 0000000000000000
    R10: 0000000000000003 R11: ffff9b2ac278f9b0 R12: 0000000000000001
    R13: ffff8cb44dab9c00 R14: ffffffffbd1ce6a0 R15: ffff8cacaa37f068
    FS:  0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff8ce98ce40000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000
    CS:  0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033
    CR2: 00007fcf6e8cb000 CR3: 0000000a0c60a000 CR4: 0000000000350ee0
    Call Trace:
     __queue_work+0xd6/0x3c0
     queue_work_on+0x1c/0x30
     uncharge_batch+0x10e/0x110
     mem_cgroup_uncharge_list+0x6d/0x80
     release_pages+0x37f/0x3f0
     __pagevec_release+0x1c/0x50
     __invalidate_mapping_pages+0x348/0x380
     inode_lru_isolate+0x10a/0x160
     __list_lru_walk_one+0x7b/0x170
     list_lru_walk_one+0x4a/0x60
     prune_icache_sb+0x37/0x50
     super_cache_scan+0x123/0x1a0
     do_shrink_slab+0x10c/0x2c0
     shrink_slab+0x1f1/0x290
     drop_slab_node+0x4d/0x70
     soft_offline_page+0x1ac/0x5b0
     memory_failure_work_func+0x6a/0x90
     process_one_work+0x19e/0x340
     worker_thread+0x30/0x360
     kthread+0x116/0x130

The lockup made the machine is quite unusable.  And it also made the
most workingset gone, the reclaimabled slab caches were reduced from 12G
to 300MB, the page caches were decreased from 17G to 4G.

But the most disappointing thing is all the effort doesn't make the page
offline, it just returns:

    soft_offline: 0x1469f2: unknown non LRU page type 5ffff0000000000 ()

It seems the aggressive behavior for non-LRU page didn't pay back, so it
doesn't make too much sense to keep it considering the terrible side
effect.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210819054116.266126-1-shy828301@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Reported-by: David Mackey <tdmackey@twitter.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox (Oracle) <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/hwpoison: fix some obsolete comments
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:28 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/hwpoison: fix some obsolete comments

Since commit cb731d6c62bb ("vmscan: per memory cgroup slab shrinkers"),
shrink_node_slabs is renamed to drop_slab_node.  And doit argument is
changed to forcekill since commit 6751ed65dc66 ("x86/mce: Fix
siginfo_t->si_addr value for non-recoverable memory faults").

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210814105131.48814-5-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/hwpoison: change argument struct page **hpagep to *hpage
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:25 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/hwpoison: change argument struct page **hpagep to *hpage

It's unnecessary to pass in a struct page **hpagep because it's never
modified.  Changing to use *hpage to simplify the code.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210814105131.48814-4-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/hwpoison: fix potential pte_unmap_unlock pte error
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:22 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/hwpoison: fix potential pte_unmap_unlock pte error

If the first pte is equal to poisoned_pfn, i.e.  check_hwpoisoned_entry()
return 1, the wrong ptep - 1 would be passed to pte_unmap_unlock().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210814105131.48814-3-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Fixes: ad9c59c24095 ("mm,hwpoison: send SIGBUS with error virutal address")
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/hwpoison: remove unneeded variable unmap_success
Miaohe Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:19 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/hwpoison: remove unneeded variable unmap_success

Patch series "Cleanups and fixup for hwpoison"

This series contains cleanups to remove unneeded variable, fix some
obsolete comments and so on.  Also we fix potential pte_unmap_unlock on
wrong pte.  More details can be found in the respective changelogs.

This patch (of 4):

unmap_success is used to indicate whether page is successfully unmapped
but it's irrelated with ZONE_DEVICE page and unmap_success is always true
here.  Remove this unneeded one.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210814105131.48814-1-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210814105131.48814-2-linmiaohe@huawei.com
Signed-off-by: Miaohe Lin <linmiaohe@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/page_isolation: tracing: trace all test_pages_isolated failures
George G. Davis [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:16 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/page_isolation: tracing: trace all test_pages_isolated failures

Some test_pages_isolated failure conditions don't include trace points.
For debugging issues caused by "pinned" pages, make sure to trace all
calls whether they succeed or fail.  In this case, a failure case did not
result in a trace point.  So add the missing failure case in
test_pages_isolated traces.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210823202823.13765-1-george_davis@mentor.com
Signed-off-by: George G. Davis <davis.george@siemens.com>
Cc: Eugeniu Rosca <erosca@de.adit-jv.com>
Cc: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/page_alloc.c: use in_task()
Vasily Averin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:13 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc.c: use in_task()

Obsoleted in_intrrupt() include task context with disabled BH, it's better
to use in_task() instead.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/877caa99-1994-5545-92d2-d0bb2e394182@virtuozzo.com
Signed-off-by: Vasily Averin <vvs@virtuozzo.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/page_alloc: make alloc_node_mem_map() __init rather than __ref
Mike Rapoport [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:10 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc: make alloc_node_mem_map() __init rather than __ref

alloc_node_mem_map() is never only called from free_area_init_node() that
is an __init function.

Make the actual alloc_node_mem_map() also __init and its stub version
static inline.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716064124.31865-1-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/page_alloc.c: fix 'zone_id' may be used uninitialized in this function warning
Nico Pache [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:08 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc.c: fix 'zone_id' may be used uninitialized in this function warning

When compiling with -Werror, cc1 will warn that 'zone_id' may be used
uninitialized in this function warning.

Initialize the zone_id as 0.

Its safe to assume that if the code reaches this point it has at least one
numa node with memory, so no need for an assertion before
init_unavilable_range.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210716210336.1114114-1-npache@redhat.com
Fixes: 122e093c1734 ("mm/page_alloc: fix memory map initialization for descending nodes")
Signed-off-by: Nico Pache <npache@redhat.com>
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomemblock: stop poisoning raw allocations
Mike Rapoport [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:05 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
memblock: stop poisoning raw allocations

Functions memblock_alloc_exact_nid_raw() and memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw()
are intended for early memory allocation without overhead of zeroing the
allocated memory.  Since these functions were used to allocate the memory
map, they have ended up with addition of a call to page_init_poison() that
poisoned the allocated memory when CONFIG_PAGE_POISON was set.

Since the memory map is allocated using a dedicated memmep_alloc()
function that takes care of the poisoning, remove page poisoning from the
memblock_alloc_*_raw() functions.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714123739.16493-5-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: introduce memmap_alloc() to unify memory map allocation
Mike Rapoport [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:58:02 +0000 (14:58 -0700)]
mm: introduce memmap_alloc() to unify memory map allocation

There are several places that allocate memory for the memory map:
alloc_node_mem_map() for FLATMEM, sparse_buffer_init() and
__populate_section_memmap() for SPARSEMEM.

The memory allocated in the FLATMEM case is zeroed and it is never
poisoned, regardless of CONFIG_PAGE_POISON setting.

The memory allocated in the SPARSEMEM cases is not zeroed and it is
implicitly poisoned inside memblock if CONFIG_PAGE_POISON is set.

Introduce memmap_alloc() wrapper for memblock allocators that will be used
for both FLATMEM and SPARSEMEM cases and will makei memory map zeroing and
poisoning consistent for different memory models.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714123739.16493-4-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomicroblaze: simplify pte_alloc_one_kernel()
Mike Rapoport [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:59 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
microblaze: simplify pte_alloc_one_kernel()

The microblaze's implementation of pte_alloc_one_kernel() used
memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw() along with clear_page() to allocated a zeroed
page during early setup.

Replace calls of these functions with a call to memblock_alloc_try_nid()
that already returns zeroed page and respects the same allocation limits
as memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw().

While on it drop early_get_page() wrapper that was only used in
pte_alloc_one_kernel().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714123739.16493-3-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/page_alloc: always initialize memory map for the holes
Mike Rapoport [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:56 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/page_alloc: always initialize memory map for the holes

Patch series "mm: ensure consistency of memory map poisoning".

Currently memory map allocation for FLATMEM case does not poison the
struct pages regardless of CONFIG_PAGE_POISON setting.

This happens because allocation of the memory map for FLATMEM and SPARSMEM
use different memblock functions and those that are used for SPARSMEM case
(namely memblock_alloc_try_nid_raw() and memblock_alloc_exact_nid_raw())
implicitly poison the allocated memory.

Another side effect of this implicit poisoning is that early setup code
that uses the same functions to allocate memory burns cycles for the
memory poisoning even if it was not intended.

These patches introduce memmap_alloc() wrapper that ensure that the memory
map allocation is consistent for different memory models.

This patch (of 4):

Currently memory map for the holes is initialized only when SPARSEMEM
memory model is used.  Yet, even with FLATMEM there could be holes in the
physical memory layout that have memory map entries.

For instance, the memory reserved using e820 API on i386 or
"reserved-memory" nodes in device tree would not appear in memblock.memory
and hence the struct pages for such holes will be skipped during memory
map initialization.

These struct pages will be zeroed because the memory map for FLATMEM
systems is allocated with memblock_alloc_node() that clears the allocated
memory.  While zeroed struct pages do not cause immediate problems, the
correct behaviour is to initialize every page using __init_single_page().
Besides, enabling page poison for FLATMEM case will trigger
PF_POISONED_CHECK() unless the memory map is properly initialized.

Make sure init_unavailable_range() is called for both SPARSEMEM and
FLATMEM so that struct pages representing memory holes would appear as
PG_Reserved with any memory layout.

[rppt@kernel.org: fix microblaze]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/YQWW3RCE4eWBuMu/@kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714123739.16493-1-rppt@kernel.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714123739.16493-2-rppt@kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Tested-by: Guenter Roeck <linux@roeck-us.net>
Cc: Michal Simek <monstr@monstr.eu>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: avoid corrupting memory in kasan_rcu_uaf
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:53 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: avoid corrupting memory in kasan_rcu_uaf

kasan_rcu_uaf() writes to freed memory via kasan_rcu_reclaim(), which is
only safe with the GENERIC mode (as it uses quarantine).  For other modes,
this test corrupts kernel memory, which might result in a crash.

Turn the write into a read.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/b6f2c3bf712d2457c783fa59498225b66a634f62.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: avoid corrupting memory in copy_user_test
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:50 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: avoid corrupting memory in copy_user_test

copy_user_test() does writes past the allocated object.  As the result, it
corrupts kernel memory, which might lead to crashes with the HW_TAGS mode,
as it neither uses quarantine nor redzones.

(Technically, this test can't yet be enabled with the HW_TAGS mode, but
this will be implemented in the future.)

Adjust the test to only write memory within the aligned kmalloc object.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/19bf3a5112ee65b7db88dc731643b657b816c5e8.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: clean up ksize_uaf
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:47 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: clean up ksize_uaf

Some KASAN tests use global variables to store function returns values so
that the compiler doesn't optimize away these functions.

ksize_uaf() doesn't call any functions, so it doesn't need to use
kasan_int_result.  Use volatile accesses instead, to be consistent with
other similar tests.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/a1fc34faca4650f4a6e4dfb3f8d8d82c82eb953a.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: only do kmalloc_uaf_memset for generic mode
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:44 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: only do kmalloc_uaf_memset for generic mode

kmalloc_uaf_memset() writes to freed memory, which is only safe with the
GENERIC mode (as it uses quarantine).  For other modes, this test corrupts
kernel memory, which might result in a crash.

Only enable kmalloc_uaf_memset() for the GENERIC mode.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/2e1c87b607b1292556cde3cab2764f108542b60c.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: disable kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size for HW_TAGS
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:41 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: disable kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size for HW_TAGS

The HW_TAGS mode doesn't check memmove for negative size.  As a result,
the kmalloc_memmove_invalid_size test corrupts memory, which can result in
a crash.

Disable this test with HW_TAGS KASAN.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/088733a06ac21eba29aa85b6f769d2abd74f9638.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: avoid corrupting memory via memset
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:38 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: avoid corrupting memory via memset

kmalloc_oob_memset_*() tests do writes past the allocated objects.  As the
result, they corrupt memory, which might lead to crashes with the HW_TAGS
mode, as it neither uses quarantine nor redzones.

Adjust the tests to only write memory within the aligned kmalloc objects.

Also add a comment mentioning that memset tests are designed to touch both
valid and invalid memory.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/64fd457668a16e7b58d094f14a165f9d5170c5a9.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: avoid writing invalid memory
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:35 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: avoid writing invalid memory

Multiple KASAN tests do writes past the allocated objects or writes to
freed memory.  Turn these writes into reads to avoid corrupting memory.
Otherwise, these tests might lead to crashes with the HW_TAGS mode, as it
neither uses quarantine nor redzones.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/c3cd2a383e757e27dd9131635fc7d09a48a49cf9.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agokasan: test: rework kmalloc_oob_right
Andrey Konovalov [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:32 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
kasan: test: rework kmalloc_oob_right

Patch series "kasan: test: avoid crashing the kernel with HW_TAGS", v2.

KASAN tests do out-of-bounds and use-after-free accesses.  Running the
tests works fine for the GENERIC mode, as it uses qurantine and redzones.
But the HW_TAGS mode uses neither, and running the tests might crash the
kernel.

Rework the tests to avoid corrupting kernel memory.

This patch (of 8):

Rework kmalloc_oob_right() to do these bad access checks:

1. An unaligned access one byte past the requested kmalloc size
   (can only be detected by KASAN_GENERIC).
2. An aligned access into the first out-of-bounds granule that falls
   within the aligned kmalloc object.
3. Out-of-bounds access past the aligned kmalloc object.

Test #3 deliberately uses a read access to avoid corrupting memory.
Otherwise, this test might lead to crashes with the HW_TAGS mode, as it
neither uses quarantine nor redzones.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/cover.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/474aa8b7b538c6737a4c6d0090350af2e1776bef.1628779805.git.andreyknvl@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <aryabinin@virtuozzo.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/kasan: move kasan.fault to mm/kasan/report.c
Woody Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:29 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/kasan: move kasan.fault to mm/kasan/report.c

Move the boot parameter 'kasan.fault' from hw_tags.c to report.c, so it
can support all KASAN modes - generic, and both tag-based.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210713010536.3161822-1-woodylin@google.com
Signed-off-by: Woody Lin <woodylin@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Marco Elver <elver@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Andrey Konovalov <andreyknvl@gmail.com>
Cc: Andrey Ryabinin <ryabinin.a.a@gmail.com>
Cc: Dmitry Vyukov <dvyukov@google.com>
Cc: Alexander Potapenko <glider@google.com>
Cc: Jonathan Corbet <corbet@lwn.net>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmalloc: fix wrong behavior in vread
Chen Wandun [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:26 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/vmalloc: fix wrong behavior in vread

commit f608788cd2d6 ("mm/vmalloc: use rb_tree instead of list for vread()
lookups") use rb_tree instread of list to speed up lookup, but function
__find_vmap_area is try to find a vmap_area that include target address,
if target address is smaller than the leftmost node in vmap_area_root, it
will return NULL, then vread will read nothing.  This behavior is
different from the primitive semantics.

The correct way is find the first vmap_are that bigger than target addr,
that is what function find_vmap_area_exceed_addr does.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210714015959.3204871-1-chenwandun@huawei.com
Fixes: f608788cd2d6 ("mm/vmalloc: use rb_tree instead of list for vread() lookups")
Signed-off-by: Chen Wandun <chenwandun@huawei.com>
Reported-by: Hulk Robot <hulkci@huawei.com>
Cc: Serapheim Dimitropoulos <serapheim.dimitro@delphix.com>
Cc: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Wei Yongjun <weiyongjun1@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agolib/test_vmalloc.c: add a new 'nr_pages' parameter
Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:23 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
lib/test_vmalloc.c: add a new 'nr_pages' parameter

In order to simulate different fixed sizes for vmalloc allocation
introduce a new parameter that sets number of pages to be allocated for
the "fix_size_alloc_test" test.

By default 1 page is used unless a different number is specified over the
new parameter.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210710194151.21370-1-urezki@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Oleksiy Avramchenko <oleksiy.avramchenko@sonymobile.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmalloc: remove gfpflags_allow_blocking() check
Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:19 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/vmalloc: remove gfpflags_allow_blocking() check

Get rid of gfpflags_allow_blocking() check from the vmalloc() path as it
is supposed to be sleepable anyway.  Thus remove it from the
alloc_vmap_area() as well as from the vm_area_alloc_pages().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707182639.31282-2-urezki@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Cc: Oleksiy Avramchenko <oleksiy.avramchenko@sonymobile.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/vmalloc: use batched page requests in bulk-allocator
Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:16 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/vmalloc: use batched page requests in bulk-allocator

In case of simultaneous vmalloc allocations, for example it is 1GB and 12
CPUs my system is able to hit "BUG: soft lockup" for !CONFIG_PREEMPT
kernel.

  RIP: 0010:__alloc_pages_bulk+0xa9f/0xbb0
  Call Trace:
   __vmalloc_node_range+0x11c/0x2d0
   __vmalloc_node+0x4b/0x70
   fix_size_alloc_test+0x44/0x60 [test_vmalloc]
   test_func+0xe7/0x1f0 [test_vmalloc]
   kthread+0x11a/0x140
   ret_from_fork+0x22/0x30

To address this issue invoke a bulk-allocator many times until all pages
are obtained, i.e.  do batched page requests adding cond_resched()
meanwhile to reschedule.  Batched value is hard-coded and is 100 pages per
call.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707182639.31282-1-urezki@gmail.com
Signed-off-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Christoph Hellwig <hch@infradead.org>
Cc: Hillf Danton <hdanton@sina.com>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Nicholas Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: Oleksiy Avramchenko <oleksiy.avramchenko@sonymobile.com>
Cc: Steven Rostedt <rostedt@goodmis.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/sparse: clarify pgdat_to_phys
Miles Chen [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:13 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/sparse: clarify pgdat_to_phys

Clarify pgdat_to_phys() by testing if
pgdat == &contig_page_data when CONFIG_NUMA=n.

We only expect contig_page_data in such case, so we
use &contig_page_data directly instead of pgdat.

No functional change intended when CONFIG_BUG_VM=n.

Comment from Mark [1]:
"
... and I reckon it'd be clearer and more robust to define
pgdat_to_phys() in the same ifdefs as contig_page_data so
that these, stay in-sync. e.g. have:

| #ifdef CONFIG_NUMA
| #define pgdat_to_phys(x) virt_to_phys(x)
| #else /* CONFIG_NUMA */
|
| extern struct pglist_data contig_page_data;
| ...
| #define pgdat_to_phys(x) __pa_symbol(&contig_page_data)
|
| #endif /* CONIFIG_NUMA */
"

[1] https://lore.kernel.org/linux-arm-kernel/20210615131902.GB47121@C02TD0UTHF1T.local/

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210723123342.26406-1-miles.chen@mediatek.com
Signed-off-by: Miles Chen <miles.chen@mediatek.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Mark Rutland <mark.rutland@arm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoinclude/linux/mmzone.h: avoid a warning in sparse memory support
Matthew Wilcox [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:10 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
include/linux/mmzone.h: avoid a warning in sparse memory support

cppcheck warns that we're possibly losing information by shifting an int.
It's a false positive, because we don't allow for a NUMA node ID that
large, but if we ever change SECTION_NID_SHIFT, it could become a problem,
and in any case this is usually a legitimate warning.  Fix it by adding
the necessary cast, which makes the compiler generate the right code.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/YOya+aBZFFmC476e@casper.infradead.org
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/202107130348.6LsVT9Nc-lkp@intel.com
Cc: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/sparse: set SECTION_NID_SHIFT to 6
Naoya Horiguchi [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:07 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm/sparse: set SECTION_NID_SHIFT to 6

Currently SECTION_NID_SHIFT is set to 3, which is incorrect because bit 3
and 4 can be overlapped by sub-field for early NID, and can be
unexpectedly set on NUMA systems.  There are a few non-critical issues
related to this:

- Having SECTION_TAINT_ZONE_DEVICE set for wrong sections forces
  pfn_to_online_page() through the slow path, but doesn't actually break
  the kernel.

- A kdump generation tool like makedumpfile uses this field to calculate
  the physical address to read.  So wrong bits can make the tool access to
  wrong address and fail to create kdump.  This can be avoided by the
  tool, so it's not critical.

To fix it, set SECTION_NID_SHIFT to 6 which is the minimum number of
available bits of section flag field.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707045548.810271-1-naoya.horiguchi@linux.dev
Fixes: 1f90a3477df3 ("mm: teach pfn_to_online_page() about ZONE_DEVICE section collisions")
Signed-off-by: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Reported-by: Kazuhito Hagio <k-hagio-ab@nec.com>
Suggested-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Acked-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Wang Wensheng <wangwensheng4@huawei.com>
Cc: Rui Xiang <rui.xiang@huawei.com>
Cc: Kazu <k-hagio-ab@nec.com>
Cc: Naoya Horiguchi <naoya.horiguchi@nec.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: sparse: remove __section_nr() function
Ohhoon Kwon [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:04 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm: sparse: remove __section_nr() function

As the last users of __section_nr() are gone, let's remove unused function
__section_nr().

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707150212.855-4-ohoono.kwon@samsung.com
Signed-off-by: Ohhoon Kwon <ohoono.kwon@samsung.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: sparse: pass section_nr to find_memory_block
Ohhoon Kwon [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:57:01 +0000 (14:57 -0700)]
mm: sparse: pass section_nr to find_memory_block

With CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME enabled, __section_nr() which converts
mem_section to section_nr could be costly since it iterates all section
roots to check if the given mem_section is in its range.

On the other hand, __nr_to_section() which converts section_nr to
mem_section can be done in O(1).

Let's pass section_nr instead of mem_section ptr to find_memory_block() in
order to reduce needless iterations.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707150212.855-3-ohoono.kwon@samsung.com
Signed-off-by: Ohhoon Kwon <ohoono.kwon@samsung.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: sparse: pass section_nr to section_mark_present
Ohhoon Kwon [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:58 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm: sparse: pass section_nr to section_mark_present

Patch series "mm: sparse: remove __section_nr() function", v4.

This patch (of 3):

With CONFIG_SPARSEMEM_EXTREME enabled, __section_nr() which converts
mem_section to section_nr could be costly since it iterates all section
roots to check if the given mem_section is in its range.

Since both callers of section_mark_present already know section_nr, let's
also pass section_nr as well as mem_section in order to reduce costly
translation.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707150212.855-1-ohoono.kwon@samsung.com
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210707150212.855-2-ohoono.kwon@samsung.com
Signed-off-by: Ohhoon Kwon <ohoono.kwon@samsung.com>
Acked-by: Mike Rapoport <rppt@linux.ibm.com>
Acked-by: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Baoquan He <bhe@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/bootmem_info.c: mark __init on register_page_bootmem_info_section
Muchun Song [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:55 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm/bootmem_info.c: mark __init on register_page_bootmem_info_section

register_page_bootmem_info_section() is only called from __init functions,
so mark it __init as well.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210817042221.77172-1-songmuchun@bytedance.com
Signed-off-by: Muchun Song <songmuchun@bytedance.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Cc: Oscar Salvador <osalvador@suse.de>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/mremap: fix memory account on do_munmap() failure
Chen Wandun [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:52 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm/mremap: fix memory account on do_munmap() failure

mremap will account the delta between new_len and old_len in
vma_to_resize, and then call move_vma when expanding an existing memory
mapping.  In function move_vma, there are two scenarios when calling
do_munmap:

1. move_page_tables from old_addr to new_addr success
2. move_page_tables from old_addr to new_addr fail

In first scenario, it should account old_len if do_munmap fail, because
the delta has already been accounted.

In second scenario, new_addr/new_len will assign to old_addr/old_len if
move_page_table fail, so do_munmap is try to unmap new_addr actually, if
do_munmap fail, it should account the new_len, because error code will be
return from move_vma, and delta will be unaccounted.  What'more, because
of new_len == old_len, so account old_len also is OK.

In summary, account old_len will be correct if do_munmap fail.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210717101942.120607-1-chenwandun@huawei.com
Fixes: 51df7bcb6151 ("mm/mremap: account memory on do_munmap() failure")
Signed-off-by: Chen Wandun <chenwandun@huawei.com>
Acked-by: Dmitry Safonov <dima@arista.com>
Cc: Kefeng Wang <wangkefeng.wang@huawei.com>
Cc: Wei Yongjun <weiyongjun1@huawei.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoremap_file_pages: Use vma_lookup() instead of find_vma()
Liam R. Howlett [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:49 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
remap_file_pages: Use vma_lookup() instead of find_vma()

Using vma_lookup() verifies the start address is contained in the found vma.
This results in easier to read code.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210817135234.1550204-1-Liam.Howlett@oracle.com
Signed-off-by: Liam R. Howlett <Liam.Howlett@Oracle.com>
Reviewed-by: David Hildenbrand <david@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm/pagemap: add mmap_assert_locked() annotations to find_vma*()
Luigi Rizzo [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:46 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm/pagemap: add mmap_assert_locked() annotations to find_vma*()

find_vma() and variants need protection when used.  This patch adds
mmap_assert_lock() calls in the functions.

To make sure the invariant is satisfied, we also need to add a
mmap_read_lock() around the get_user_pages_remote() call in
get_arg_page().  The lock is not strictly necessary because the mm has
been newly created, but the extra cost is limited because the same mutex
was also acquired shortly before in __bprm_mm_init(), so it is hot and
uncontended.

[penguin-kernel@i-love.sakura.ne.jp: TOMOYO needs the same protection which get_arg_page() needs]
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/58bb6bf7-a57e-8a40-e74b-39584b415152@i-love.sakura.ne.jp
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210731175341.3458608-1-lrizzo@google.com
Signed-off-by: Luigi Rizzo <lrizzo@google.com>
Cc: David Rientjes <rientjes@google.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: change fault_in_pages_* to have an unsigned size parameter
Greg Kroah-Hartman [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:43 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm: change fault_in_pages_* to have an unsigned size parameter

fault_in_pages_writeable() and fault_in_pages_readable() treat the size
parameter as unsigned, doing pointer math with the value, so make this
explicit and set it to be a size_t type which all callers currently treat
it as anyway.

This solves the issue where static checkers get nervous seeing pointer
arithmetic happening with a signed value.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210727111136.457638-1-gregkh@linuxfoundation.org
Signed-off-by: Greg Kroah-Hartman <gregkh@linuxfoundation.org>
Reported-by: Jordy Zomer <jordy@pwning.systems>
Cc: Matthew Wilcox <willy@infradead.org>
Cc: David Howells <dhowells@redhat.com>
Cc: William Kucharski <william.kucharski@oracle.com>
Cc: "Darrick J. Wong" <djwong@kernel.org>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Mauro Carvalho Chehab <mchehab+huawei@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm,do_huge_pmd_numa_page: remove unnecessary TLB flushing code
Huang Ying [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:40 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm,do_huge_pmd_numa_page: remove unnecessary TLB flushing code

Before commit c5b5a3dd2c1f ("mm: thp: refactor NUMA fault handling"), the
TLB flushing is done in do_huge_pmd_numa_page() itself via
flush_tlb_range().

But after commit c5b5a3dd2c1f ("mm: thp: refactor NUMA fault handling"),
the TLB flushing is done in migrate_pages() as in the following code path
anyway.

do_huge_pmd_numa_page
  migrate_misplaced_page
    migrate_pages

So now, the TLB flushing code in do_huge_pmd_numa_page() becomes
unnecessary.  So the code is deleted in this patch to simplify the code.
This is only code cleanup, there's no visible performance difference.

The mmu_notifier_invalidate_range() in do_huge_pmd_numa_page() is
deleted too.  Because migrate_pages() takes care of that too when CPU
TLB is flushed.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210720065529.716031-1-ying.huang@intel.com
Signed-off-by: "Huang, Ying" <ying.huang@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Zi Yan <ziy@nvidia.com>
Reviewed-by: Yang Shi <shy828301@gmail.com>
Cc: Dan Carpenter <dan.carpenter@oracle.com>
Cc: Mel Gorman <mgorman@suse.de>
Cc: Christian Borntraeger <borntraeger@de.ibm.com>
Cc: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Heiko Carstens <hca@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Hugh Dickins <hughd@google.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@suse.com>
Cc: Vasily Gorbik <gor@linux.ibm.com>
Cc: Paolo Bonzini <pbonzini@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomm: remove flush_kernel_dcache_page
Christoph Hellwig [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:36 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mm: remove flush_kernel_dcache_page

flush_kernel_dcache_page is a rather confusing interface that implements a
subset of flush_dcache_page by not being able to properly handle page
cache mapped pages.

The only callers left are in the exec code as all other previous callers
were incorrect as they could have dealt with page cache pages.  Replace
the calls to flush_kernel_dcache_page with calls to flush_dcache_page,
which for all architectures does either exactly the same thing, can
contains one or more of the following:

 1) an optimization to defer the cache flush for page cache pages not
    mapped into userspace
 2) additional flushing for mapped page cache pages if cache aliases
    are possible

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712060928.4161649-7-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Reviewed-by: Ira Weiny <ira.weiny@intel.com>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>
Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com>
Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
Cc: Paul Cercueil <paul@crapouillou.net>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.osdn.me>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoscatterlist: replace flush_kernel_dcache_page with flush_dcache_page
Christoph Hellwig [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:33 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
scatterlist: replace flush_kernel_dcache_page with flush_dcache_page

Pages used in scatterlist can be mapped page cache pages (and often are),
so we must use flush_dcache_page here instead of the more limited
flush_kernel_dcache_page that is intended for highmem pages only.

Also remove the PageSlab check given that page_mapping_file as used by the
flush_dcache_page implementations already contains that check.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712060928.4161649-5-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>
Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com>
Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
Cc: Paul Cercueil <paul@crapouillou.net>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.osdn.me>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agommc: mmc_spi: replace flush_kernel_dcache_page with flush_dcache_page
Christoph Hellwig [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:30 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mmc: mmc_spi: replace flush_kernel_dcache_page with flush_dcache_page

Pages passed to block drivers can be mapped page cache pages, so we must
use flush_dcache_page here instead of the more limited
flush_kernel_dcache_page that is intended for highmem pages only.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712060928.4161649-3-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>
Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com>
Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
Cc: Paul Cercueil <paul@crapouillou.net>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.osdn.me>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agommc: JZ4740: remove the flush_kernel_dcache_page call in jz4740_mmc_read_data
Christoph Hellwig [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:26 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
mmc: JZ4740: remove the flush_kernel_dcache_page call in jz4740_mmc_read_data

Patch series "_kernel_dcache_page fixes and removal".

While looking to convert the block layer away from kmap_atomic towards
kmap_local_page and prefeably the helpers that abstract it away I noticed
that a few block drivers directly or implicitly call
flush_kernel_dcache_page before kunmapping a page that has been written
to.

flush_kernel_dcache_page is documented to to be used in such cases, but
flush_dcache_page is actually required when the page could be in the page
cache and mapped to userspace, which is pretty much always the case when
kmapping an arbitrary page.  Unfortunately the documentation doesn't
exactly make that clear, which lead to this misused.  And it turns out
that only the copy_strings / copy_string_kernel in the exec code were
actually correct users of flush_kernel_dcache_page, which is why I think
we should just remove it and eat the very minor overhead in exec rather
than confusing poor driver writers.

This patch (of 6):

MIPS now implements flush_kernel_dcache_page (as an alias to
flush_dcache_page).

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712060928.4161649-1-hch@lst.de
Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210712060928.4161649-2-hch@lst.de
Signed-off-by: Christoph Hellwig <hch@lst.de>
Acked-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: "James E.J. Bottomley" <James.Bottomley@HansenPartnership.com>
Cc: Russell King <linux@armlinux.org.uk>
Cc: Guo Ren <guoren@kernel.org>
Cc: Thomas Bogendoerfer <tsbogend@alpha.franken.de>
Cc: Nick Hu <nickhu@andestech.com>
Cc: Greentime Hu <green.hu@gmail.com>
Cc: Vincent Chen <deanbo422@gmail.com>
Cc: Helge Deller <deller@gmx.de>
Cc: Yoshinori Sato <ysato@users.osdn.me>
Cc: Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org>
Cc: Geoff Levand <geoff@infradead.org>
Cc: Paul Cercueil <paul@crapouillou.net>
Cc: Ulf Hansson <ulf.hansson@linaro.org>
Cc: Alex Shi <alexs@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests: Fix spelling mistake "cann't" -> "cannot"
Colin Ian King [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:11 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
selftests: Fix spelling mistake "cann't" -> "cannot"

There is a spelling mistake in an error message. Fix it.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210826121217.12885-1-colin.king@canonical.com
Signed-off-by: Colin Ian King <colin.king@canonical.com>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agoselftests/vm: use kselftest skip code for skipped tests
Po-Hsu Lin [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:08 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
selftests/vm: use kselftest skip code for skipped tests

There are several test cases in the vm directory are still using exit 0
when they need to be skipped.  Use the kselftest framework to skip code
instead so it can help us to distinguish the return status.

Criterion to filter out what should be fixed in vm directory:
  grep -r "exit 0" -B1 | grep -i skip

This change might cause some false-positives if people are running these
test scripts directly and only checking their return codes, which will
change from 0 to 4.  However I think the impact should be small as most of
our scripts here are already using this skip code.  And there will be no
such issue if running them with the kselftest framework.

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210823073433.37653-1-po-hsu.lin@canonical.com
Signed-off-by: Po-Hsu Lin <po-hsu.lin@canonical.com>
Cc: Shuah Khan <shuah@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>
15 months agomemcg: make memcg->event_list_lock irqsafe
Shakeel Butt [Thu, 2 Sep 2021 21:56:05 +0000 (14:56 -0700)]
memcg: make memcg->event_list_lock irqsafe

The memcg->event_list_lock is usually taken in the normal context but when
the userspace closes the corresponding eventfd, eventfd_release through
memcg_event_wake takes memcg->event_list_lock with interrupts disabled.
This is not an issue on its own but it creates a nested dependency from
eventfd_ctx->wqh.lock to memcg->event_list_lock.

Independently, for unrelated eventfd, eventfd_signal() can be called in
the irq context, thus making eventfd_ctx->wqh.lock an irq lock.  For
example, FPGA DFL driver, VHOST VPDA driver and couple of VFIO drivers.
This will force memcg->event_list_lock to be an irqsafe lock as well.

One way to break the nested dependency between eventfd_ctx->wqh.lock and
memcg->event_list_lock is to add an indirection.  However the simplest
solution would be to make memcg->event_list_lock irqsafe.  This is cgroup
v1 feature, is in maintenance and may get deprecated in near future.  So,
no need to add more code.

BTW this has been discussed previously [1] but there weren't irq users of
eventfd_signal() at the time.

[1] https://www.spinics.net/lists/cgroups/msg06248.html

Link: https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20210830172953.207257-1-shakeelb@google.com
Signed-off-by: Shakeel Butt <shakeelb@google.com>
Cc: Tejun Heo <tj@kernel.org>
Cc: Johannes Weiner <hannes@cmpxchg.org>
Cc: Michal Hocko <mhocko@kernel.org>
Signed-off-by: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Signed-off-by: Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>